This paper reviews economic developments in the Republic of Armenia during 1995–96. Stabilization and economic growth continued in 1995 and 1996. Official estimates indicate that real GDP increased by 6.9 percent in 1995 and by 4.3 percent during the first six months of 1996 compared with the same period of the preceding year. The trade sector grew by 75 percent in 1995 and 18.5 percent during the first six months of 1996, increasing its share in GDP from 4 percent in 1994 to 9 percent in 1996.
This paper assesses observance of standards and codes on the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) recommendations for antimoney laundering and combating the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT) for Armenia. The assessment reveals that Armenia has made considerable improvements in its AML/CFT framework in a relatively short timeframe, particularly by replacing the first AML/CFT law, enacted in 2005, with a more comprehensive law, which was passed in 2008. It is also found that the money laundering offence in Armenia is criminalized broadly in line with the international standard.
This paper reports economic developments in the Republic of Armenia during 1998–99. Prior to August 1998, real GDP growth was strong, inflation had declined to moderate levels, the current account deficit was declining, and the exchange rate was stable. The Russian crisis, however, hit Armenia hard. Exports, workers’ remittances, and transfers fell sharply. This led to declining demand for output in industry, transportation, and services. In addition, Armenia suffered a decline in portfolio and direct foreign investment.
This detailed assessment report focuses on antimoney laundering and combating the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT) for Armenia. The report reveals that Armenia’s financial system remains small and bank dominated. Total assets of the banking sector accounted for approximately 91 percent of the assets in the financial system. Most banks are domestically owned but there is a major foreign presence in the system. The nonbank financial sector plays a small role in financial intermediation.
This Technical Assistance Report discusses the technical advice and recommendations given by the IMF mission to the authorities of Armenia regarding design of fiscal rules and associated fiscal and institutional frameworks. Armenia has made significant strides in enhancing macroeconomic stability over the past two decades. Although Armenia’s public debt remains sustainable, a prolonged adjustment is needed to restore sizable fiscal buffers, warranting an upgrade of the fiscal rule framework. The existing debt-rule-based framework provides insufficient operating guidance to fiscal policy and is not flexible enough to deal with severe economic shocks. Mechanisms to deal with a potential breach of the 60 percent debt ceiling and the 50 percent debt brake are excessively restrictive and need to be overhauled.
This paper reviews economic developments in the Republic of Armenia during the 1990s. Real GDP declined by a cumulative 60 percent in 1992–93; price changes reached hyperinflation levels in late 1993; and real wages declined by nearly 50 percent in the course of that year. In the fall of 1994, the authorities formulated a comprehensive program of stabilization and structural reform that was supported in December 1994 by a first purchase under the Systemic Transformation Facility.
This report on the Observance of Standards and Codes provides a review of Armenia’s data dissemination practices against the IMF’s General Data Dissemination System (GDDS), complemented by an assessment of the quality of the national accounts, government finance, monetary, and balance-of-payments statistics. The report includes an overview of the GDDS and an assessment of Armenia’s data dissemination practices against the Standard, and presents a summary assessment of the quality of the principal macroeconomic datasets. The coverage, periodicity, and timeliness for macroeconomic data in Armenia are also summarized.