As a result of the Enhanced Highly Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative and the Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative (MDRI), Mali’s stock of external debt has declined significantly. The central feature of Mali’s medium- and long-term macroeconomic outlook is the steady decline of annual gold production expected to be picked up only in part by other exports. Under baseline assumptions, all external debt and debt-service ratios remain below the policy-dependent thresholds throughout the projection period. Fiscal policy continues to be cautious.
This paper examines the Republic of Moldova’s Fourth Review under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility and request for Waiver of Nonobservance of Performance Criterion. Investors have been attracted by Moldova’s low costs, and export prospects have improved with the resumption of wine exports to Russia and a new trade agreement with the European Union. Inflation is the main concern. While rising inflation partly reflects regional trends in food and energy prices, strong demand has been adding to inflation pressures.