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International Monetary Fund
In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discussions with government officials, is published at the option of the member country.
International Monetary Fund
In this study, the following are discussed: nominal GDP by economic activity and expenditure, quarterly nominal GDP by economic activity and expenditure, composition of nominal GDP by economic activity and expenditure, quarterly composition of nominal GDP by economic activity and expenditure, real GDP by economic activity and expenditure, quarterly real GDP by economic activity and expenditure, growth in real GDP by economic activity and expenditure, growth in quarterly real GDP by economic activity and expenditure, oil and gas production and sales, and government and private sector employment.
International Monetary Fund
In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discussions with government officials, is published at the option of the member country.
Mr. Bright E Okogu
This paper discusses the rising profile of natural gas in global energy, factors constraining its further development, the gas contracting process, and the absence of a global market, which is analyzed in the context of the economic rent in the gas price and the opaque nature of gas contracts. A proposal for rationalizing the trade to ease these constraints is offered. Gas pricing, and factors driving demand are also analyzed using evidence from the literature. FDI can help to monetize some of the 'stranded' gas reserves, but success would depend on an investor-friendly climate, including appropriate tariff regimes in the domestic markets.
International Monetary Fund

This Selected Issues paper on the Republic of Kazakhstan underlies growth of the non-oil sector, fiscal management of oil wealth, and bank credit growth. The share of tradables in the non-oil sector has declined significantly, both in terms of value added and employment, while many nontradable activities, especially services and construction, have expanded. Kazakhstan can sustain non-oil deficits of more than 5 percent of GDP in the near term without reducing the value of oil wealth. Recent developments in the pattern of bank lending and borrowing have led to increased exposure to the property sector and international financial markets.

International Monetary Fund

This Selected Issues paper reviews the developments, issues, and prospects of the petroleum sector of Kazakhstan, and analyzes the recent strong economic growth, the links between the oil and the non-oil sector, and assesses the contribution of each sector. It explores the trade policy options facing Kazakhstan, and describes the latest developments in the banking sector, insurance, pension funds, capital markets, pension system, and unified financial sector supervision. It also provides a statistical appendix highlighting the IMF's projections and estimates of the Republic of Kazakhstan.