This paper focuses on economic developments in Guyana during the 1990s. By 1991, economic performance had turned around in response to the shift in economic policies and the improved incentive framework. Following sizable reductions in 1989–90, real GDP grew by about 7 percent a year in 1991 and 1992, mainly owing to a recovery of export-related production and new foreign investments in the bauxite, gold, and forestry sectors. By 1992, inflation had declined markedly; the fiscal and external deficits were reduced substantially; and private and official capital inflows had risen significantly.
In this study, the economic developments and policy responses of Trinidad and Tobago after the crisis is reviewed. Policy recommendations are used to strengthen the legal and regulatory framework. According to the IMF’s financial system stability assessment (FSSA), there were critical gaps in the overall legal, regulatory, and supervisory structure for the insurance sector. The quality of insurance sector supervision can be assessed against internationally accepted established “core principles.” In this paper, an overview is presented of why the crisis occurred and some suggestions on how to prevent a future crisis.
This paper analyzes broad money demand (M2) in Guyana from January 1990 to September 1999; a period marked by deep transformations aimed at shifting Guyana from a centralized to a market economy. The paper develops a stable error-correction model based on a long-run cointegrating vector of money demand. The latter establishes that real money demand is determined in the long run by real income, interest rates, and the exchange rate. The results also show the existence of strong exchange rate-induced inflation anticipations that are typical to Guyana.