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International Monetary Fund

The paper discusses the purpose, properties, and theoretical foundations of various indicators of inflation and also describes the forecasting methodology and performance of these indicators. It reviews the successful European labor market reform experiences and analyzes regulatory and supervisory frameworks in the European Union (EU), and assessments carried out under the IMF-World Bank Financial Sector Assessment Program (FSAP). It also investigates whether the cross-country correlation of bank business in Europe makes a good case for pan-European supervision.

International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department
This Technical Note on Financial Safety Net and Crisis Management for the Canada presents the findings and recommendations made in the Financial Sector Assessment Program for Canada in the areas of bank resolution and crisis management. The note is based on the findings of the mission conducted during October 29–November 14, 2018. The note highlights that Canada has maintained financial stability for a long period of time. Strong institutional settings, effective supervision, and sound financial sector policies have succeeded in preventing crisis situations. The last bank failure in Canada occurred more than twenty years ago. However, the lack of crisis events does not diminish the need for preparation and for revisions to the existing framework. A substantial part of the financial system is covered by federal crisis management and safety net arrangements that are well-established. Coordination among the federal agencies is strong, underpinned by inter-agency committees. The note recommends that the ongoing work of the authorities in completing and enhancing their contingency plans and implementing testing and readiness programs should be continued.
International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department
This report underlies Canada’s Financial Sector Assessment Program (FSAP) in the areas of crisis management and blank resolution. The provincial deposit insurance systems (DIS) and resolution frameworks are highly heterogeneous and the FSAP’s analysis suggests that the preparedness to overcome financial stress should be enhanced. The IMF report discusses that the federal legal and institutional arrangements for resolving individual financial institutions are robust. It suggests that clear mandates should be assigned to: (1) monitor systematic risk to facilitate macroprudential oversight; and (2) carry out system wide crisis preparedness.
Mr. Lev Ratnovski
Traditional bank competition policy seeks to balance efficiency with incentives to take risk. The main tools are rules guiding entry/exit and consolidation of banks. This paper seeks to refine this view in light of recent changes to financial services provision. Modern banking is largely market-based and contestable. Consequently, banks in advanced economies today have structurally low charter values and high incentives to take risk. In such an environment, traditional policies that seek to affect the degree of competition by focusing on market structure (i.e. concentration) may have limited effect. We argue that bank competition policy should be reoriented to deal with the too-big-to-fail (TBTF) problem. It should also focus on the permissible scope of activities rather than on market structure of banks. And following a crisis, competition policy should facilitate resolution by temporarily allowing higher concentration and government control of banks.