Bangladesh’s 2008 Article IV Consultation reports that growth picked up strongly from a slow start to the year with rebounds in agriculture and garment exports playing a leading role. Strong growth of remittances and increased external assistance helped support the balance of payments in the face of rising import costs. An impressive increase in government revenues, bringing state-owned enterprise losses onto the budget, and the substantial increase in administered prices have been significant achievements.
This paper highlights the sources of payments problems in less developed countries. Growth in the industrial countries has a direct impact on the current account of the developing countries through its influence on both the prices and volumes of their exports. An increase in the real effective exchange rate is clearly a fundamental determinant of a deteriorating current account since, other things being equal, it tends to raise domestic demand for imports and to reduce foreign demand for exports.
This paper evaluates Azerbaijan’s 2003 Article IV Consultation, Second Review Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF), and Requests for Waivers of Performance Criteria, Extension of Arrangement and Rephasing of Purchases. Performance relative to the quantitative targets under the program was strong, as all quantitative performance criteria and most indicative targets were met. Implementation of the structural reforms under the program was slower than planned, delaying completion of the second review. The authorities are requesting several waivers related to delays in structural reforms.
Ukraine's economic performance has been impressive with strong growth and declining inflation under the Extended Fund Facility (EFF). Executive Directors appreciated the macroeconomic performance, and emphasized that continued prudent monetary policies in combination with exchange rate flexibility will be essential to maintain low inflation. They urged the need for accelerating structural reforms, liberalizing the agriculture sector, restructuring the bank, and strengthening the transparency and governance in the energy sector. They agreed that the country has completed the fifth and sixth reviews under the EFF.
The staff report for the Sixth Review and Inflation Consultation Under the Stand-By Arrangement on Turkey explains the macroeconomic framework and monetary and exchange rate policies. High interest rates, slowing credit growth, and election-related uncertainty were expected to weigh on private domestic demand and keep growth near its estimated long-term potential of 5 percent. The central bank renewed its commitment to building international reserves for prudential reasons. There was broad agreement on the need to ease labor regulations and taxes as fiscal resources permit.
This 2005 Article IV Consultation highlights that since the last Article IV Consultation, Bangladesh’s economy has continued to expand, supported by a stable macroeconomic environment and progress in implementing structural reforms, broadly in line with the recommendations made by the IMF Executive Board. Good progress has been made in strengthening the banking system. Bangladesh Bank has raised minimum capital requirements, taken steps to reduce insider lending, and improved the institutional framework for the prudential supervision of the financial system.