International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
How can the mining and metals sector contribute to sustainable progress in the developing world? The International Council on Mining and Metals (ICMM) seeks to help answer this question with its Resource Endowment Initiative, a project launched two years ago with the help of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and the World Bank. On June 30, Kathryn McPhail (Principal, ICMM) and John Groom (Head of Safety, Health, and Environment, Anglo American plc) presented the initiative’s initial findings to a group of IMF staff.
The attached Joint Staff Advisory Note (JSAN) on the Implementation of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper for Guinea, prepared jointly by the staffs of the World Bank and the IMF, was distributed with the member country’s Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) to the Executive Boards of the two institutions. The objective of the JSAN is to provide focused, frank, and constructive feedback to the country on progress in implementing its Poverty Reduction Strategy (PRS).
Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) are prepared by member countries in broad consultation with stakeholders and development partners, including the staffs of the World Bank and the IMF. Updated every three years with annual progress reports, they describe the country’s macroeconomic, structural, and social policies in support of growth and poverty reduction, as well as associated external financing needs and major sources of financing. This country document for Guinea, dated May 2012 is being made available on the IMF website by agreement with the member country as a service to users of the IMF website.
This paper presents the status report on preparatory activities for the full Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) for Sierra Leone. The governance and institutional arrangements proposed in the interim PRSP (I-PRSP) for the preparation of the full PRSP have all been set up and are currently functioning. The I-PRSP focused on a small number of realistic and meaningful indicators and targets. However, these monitoring indicators will be expanded during the preparation of the full PRSP to include qualitative indicators, which will be identified during the Focus Group Discussions and Participatory Poverty Assessments Consultations.
This paper examines Sierra Leone’s 2004 Article IV Consultation, the Fifth Review Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF), and Requests for Waiver of Performance Criteria. Growth prospects in the medium term are encouraging, largely based on some mining projects coming to fruition, agricultural expansion, and service-related activities. Real growth is projected in the range of between 6 percent and 7 percent in 2005–07, reflecting these activities in the country’s post-conflict phase. Inflation is expected to revert to low single digits, while the current account deficits would narrow, aided by growth in mineral exports.
This paper presents a Joint Staff Advisory Note on Guinea’s Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP). Baseline economic growth is projected to accelerate to 5.2 percent in 2014 and beyond, up from just under 4 percent in 2012. This projection is based on an acceleration of economic growth in the construction sector in response to massive investment outlays by mining companies. Private investment is projected to increase from 17.8 percent of GDP in 2012 to more than 40 percent in 2014. The PRSP proposes a sharp increase in funding for education as a share of total public expenditures over the PRSP period, while total fiscal resources also increase.
Guinea has implemented an impressive policy shift toward macroeconomic stabilization under the economic program. Executive Directors commended this development and stressed the need for tight fiscal and monetary policies and welcomed the debt sustainability analysis and implementation of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative. They emphasized the need for reinstating fiscal control, improving governance, implementing structural reforms, sustained assistance from the international community to boost economic growth, and encouraged the authorities to take necessary steps to reach the HIPC completion point and qualify for debt relief under these initiatives.
Niger’s GDP growth is projected to decline in 2009 to 3 percent from 9.5 percent in 2008 when agricultural production reached a record level. The staff report highlights Niger’s second review under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility and Request for Modification of Performance Criteria. The country appears relatively protected from the international downturn. Niger’s economic performance has been positive in 2008 with a surge in GDP growth up to 9.5 percent from 3.3 percent in 2007.
This paper focuses on Ex Post Assessment of Longer-Term Program Engagement for Guinea. Guinea’s stabilization and reform efforts have been almost continuously supported by IMF financial arrangements since 1987. The paper reviews developments under the last two IMF-supported programs during 1997–2004. It highlights that Guinea’s performance under these programs has been disappointing. The paper discusses program objectives, policies, and performance and reflects on lessons learned and the remaining challenges. It also presents a discussion on possible future relations between the IMF and Guinea.