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Confronting Budget Deficits

Confronting Budget Deficits »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756152.051

ISBN: 9781557756152

Keywords: unemployment, health care, social welfare, welfare programs, social security

The phenomenon of substantial peacetime budget deficits over the past20 years has been traced to the burden of entitlements, a slowdown ineconomic productivity, and demographic and macroeconomic shifts in theindust...

Confronting Budget Deficits

Confronting Budget Deficits »

Source: Confronting Budget Deficits

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557756152

Keywords: unemployment, health care, social welfare, welfare programs, social security

Political leaders have so frequently cried wolf over budgetary spending that voters are skeptical about talk of budgetary crises. This is unfortunate, since deficits should arouse genuine concern, particular...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Confronting Budget Deficits

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557756152

Keywords: unemployment, health care, social welfare, welfare programs, social security

The phenomenon of substantial peacetime budget deficits over the past20 years has been traced to the burden of entitlements, a slowdown ineconomic productivity, and demographic and macroeconomic shifts in theindust...

Controlling Pollution

Controlling Pollution »

Source: Controlling Pollution : Using Taxes and Tradable Permits

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): John Norregaard , and Valerie Reppelin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 March 2001

ISBN: 9781589060005

Keywords: tradable permits, pollution, carbon dioxide, carbon dioxide emissions, pollutant

In December 1997, 160 nations meeting in Kyoto, Japan agreed to cut back emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. While ratified by only a very small number of countries so far, the “Kyoto Pro...

Controlling Pollution
			: Using Taxes and Tradable Permits

Controlling Pollution : Using Taxes and Tradable Permits »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): John Norregaard , and Valerie Reppelin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 March 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589060005.051

ISBN: 9781589060005

Keywords: tradable permits, pollution, carbon dioxide, carbon dioxide emissions, pollutant

Explores different ways of controlling pollution through -green-taxes or permits, and evaluates their advantages and disadvantages. While many countries use environmental taxes, interest in tradable permits is grow...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Controlling Pollution : Using Taxes and Tradable Permits

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): John Norregaard , and Valerie Reppelin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 March 2001

ISBN: 9781589060005

Keywords: tradable permits, pollution, carbon dioxide, carbon dioxide emissions, pollutant

Explores different ways of controlling pollution through -green-taxes or permits, and evaluates their advantages and disadvantages. While many countries use environmental taxes, interest in tradable permits is grow...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Controlling Pollution : Using Taxes and Tradable Permits

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): John Norregaard , and Valerie Reppelin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 March 2001

ISBN: 9781589060005

Keywords: tradable permits, pollution, carbon dioxide, carbon dioxide emissions, pollutant

Explores different ways of controlling pollution through -green-taxes or permits, and evaluates their advantages and disadvantages. While many countries use environmental taxes, interest in tradable permits is grow...

Hiding in the Shadows
			: The Growth of the Underground Economy

Hiding in the Shadows : The Growth of the Underground Economy »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Dominik Enste , and Friedrich Schneider

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589060968.051

ISBN: 9781589060968

Keywords: tax rates, labor force, taxation, tax revenues, tax evasion

Examines the role of the shadow, or underground, economy. Looks at ways of measuring it, the relationship between the shadow economy and the main stream economy, why it has been growing in size, and its effects on...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Hiding in the Shadows : The Growth of the Underground Economy

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Dominik Enste , and Friedrich Schneider

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589060968

Keywords: tax rates, labor force, taxation, tax revenues, tax evasion

Examines the role of the shadow, or underground, economy. Looks at ways of measuring it, the relationship between the shadow economy and the main stream economy, why it has been growing in size, and its effects on...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Hiding in the Shadows : The Growth of the Underground Economy

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Dominik Enste , and Friedrich Schneider

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589060968

Keywords: tax rates, labor force, taxation, tax revenues, tax evasion

Examines the role of the shadow, or underground, economy. Looks at ways of measuring it, the relationship between the shadow economy and the main stream economy, why it has been growing in size, and its effects on...