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International Monetary Fund

Abstract

During the past financial year, the IMF’s 189 member countries faced a number of pressing challenges. IMF work on these challenges—slower trade, declining productivity, gender inequality, inclusive growth, and debt management—is a central focus of this 2017 Annual Report.

The report provides a summary of the Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) measures in place in Australia. It describes and analyzes those measures, and provides recommendations on how certain aspects of the system could be strengthened. Under the Financial Transactions Reports (FTR) Act 1988, cash dealers submit a range of financial transaction reports to AUSTRAC, including reports on suspicious transactions (SUSTRs) and international fund transfers. Australia’s legislative framework does not distinguish between financial institutions or specify AML/CFT obligations for financial institutions on the basis of risk. The FTR Act also applies outside Australia.

International Monetary Fund

The evaluation of the anti-money laundering (AML) and combating the financing of terrorism (CFT) regime of Australia was based on the Forty Recommendations 2003 and the Eight Special Recommendations on Terrorist Financing 2001 of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF), and was prepared using the AML/CFT Methodology 2004. It describes and analyses those measures and provides recommendations on how certain aspects of the system could be strengthened. It also sets out Australia’s levels of compliance with the FATF 40+8 Recommendations.

International Monetary Fund

Property price inflation has accelerated during the last few years, propelled by low mortgage rates, poor returns from alternative investments, strong employment and immigration, and tax incentives. Strong housing demand has led to a substantial rise in housing prices. Most industrial countries face significant fiscal pressures over the longer term associated with population aging and rising health care costs. Significant uncertainty surrounds projections of future fiscal costs. One comprehensive way to take account of this uncertainty for formulating policy decisions is through stochastic simulation.