Macedonia's macroeconomic stabilization program continues to rest on the basis of fiscal and monetary policies, and has restored the fiscal balance to a sustainable level after two years of high deficits. Further structural measures are important to address impediments to growth and to reduce unemployment. Reforms are necessary to strengthen the investment climate by creating a predictable business environment, implementing judicial reforms, and addressing governance problems. The financial system stability assessment acknowledged the authorities' efforts to improve the soundness of the banking system and to address remaining vulnerabilities.
This 2003 Article IV Consultation highlights that the economic expansion that began in Greece in the mid-1990s has continued unabated, with some employment gains in 2002 for the first time in four years. GDP increased by 4 percent in 2002, well above the European Union (EU) average, but external imbalances remained large. High capacity utilization, EU transfers, and preparations for the 2004 Olympics underpinned investment. Divergent cyclical positions and relatively high labor cost increases kept inflation well above the euro area average. Consumer price inflation averaged close to 4 percent in 2002.
International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept
Third Review under the Extended Arrangement under the Extended Fund Facility and Request for Modification of Performance Criterion-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Sri Lanka
Limited progress has been made in addressing Nepal’s structural weaknesses in tax administration and public financial management. Macroeconomic performance under the recent Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF)-supported program has been stable. The outlook for 2007–08 remains stable. Although the macroeconomic performance has been stable, progress on structural reforms has been held back by the fragile political circumstances. Public enterprises and the Nepal Oil Corporation, in particular, pursue quasi-fiscal activities involving significant subsidies. Nepal’s growth prospects depend most importantly on a peaceful political transition.
The staff report for the Second Review under the Policy Support Instrument (PSI) of Cape Verde discusses the macroeconomic framework and recent developments. Cape Verde’s economic program under the PSI is designed to help the country prepare for the opportunities and challenges associated with its graduation from the United Nations least-developed-country (LDC) status in 2008. IMF staff recommended, and the authorities agreed, that a comprehensive medium-term investment plan be prepared, including for state-owned enterprises. This approach would support prioritization of public investment and the planning needed to secure concessional external financing.
Peru’s macroeconomic policies continue to be strong under the Stand-By Arrangement (SBA). Executive Directors appreciated the implementation of policies to entrench macroeconomic stability, lower poverty, and lessen vulnerabilities, and also emphasized the need to maintain a prudent fiscal policy stance, implement structural reforms, solidify the fiscal framework, and accelerate the implementation of the antipoverty strategy. They also stressed the need to entrench greater exchange rate flexibility, strengthen the inflation, preserve a prudent role for public banks, and enhance the business environment.