Browse

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 50 items for :

  • Monetary economics x
  • Comoros, Union of the x
  • External debt x
Clear All
International Monetary Fund

Political instability and weak macroeconomic management have generated negative real per capita gross domestic product growth rates, contributing to widespread poverty and a worsening of social indicators. The challenge is to attain a higher rate of growth on a sustained basis and raise the living standards of the Comorian population. Measures to improve revenue mobilization and reduce nonpriority expenditures are required. Executive Directors commend the steps taken by the authorities to improve the prudential regulations and internal controls of the central bank of Comoros.

International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Abstract

Sub-Saharan Africa is contending with an unprecedented health and economic crisis—one that, in just a few months, has jeopardized years of hard-won development gains and upended the lives and livelihoods of millions.

International Monetary Fund

The federal government has made progress in reducing fiscal imbalances and improving public services. The authorities sharply reduced expenditures on goods and services and transfers, and improved management of the payroll generated a 5 percent reduction in the wage bill compared with 1999. Executive Directors welcomed the staff-monitored program (SMP)'s emphasis on improving fiscal sustainability, and they strongly supported a continuation of the tight public sector wage policy, and endorsed the authorities' plans to reduce employment in the public sector as part of a civil service reform program.

International Monetary Fund

Political instability and weak macroeconomic management have generated negative real per capita gross domestic product growth rates, contributing to widespread poverty and a worsening of social indicators. The challenge is to attain a higher rate of growth on a sustained basis and raise the living standards of the Comorian population. Measures to improve revenue mobilization and reduce nonpriority expenditures are required. Executive Directors commend the steps taken by the authorities to improve the prudential regulations and internal controls of the central bank of Comoros.

International Monetary Fund

Recent developments in the Comoros point to slow, uneven, yet significant progress in political normalization. Overall performance under the Extended Credit Facility-supported program has been broadly satisfactory. The government understands the need to continue fiscal consolidation in support of macroeconomic objectives, targeting a reduction of the domestic primary deficit. In the structural area, program focus will be on public finance management and key sectors critical to improved growth performance. Debt relief is crucial to securing medium-term external debt sustainability and for success of the program.

International Monetary Fund

This paper analyzes the 2005 Article IV Consultation and First Review Under the Staff-Monitored Program (SMP) for the Union of the Comoros. Economic growth remained lackluster in 2004 owing to a depressed world demand for vanilla and crop, and cattle diseases. Government revenue stagnated, while wage outlays rose significantly on account of hirings associated with the new constitutional arrangements. Monetary policy remained prudent, but inflation increased slightly. Performance under the SMP in the first quarter of 2005 was mixed.

International Monetary Fund

Comoros faces significant economic and political challenges. The fiscal priorities are to restore revenues and curtail spending so that domestic arrears can be reduced and the program brought back on track. Clearing external arrears is a key hurdle to debt sustainability. Improvements to the investment climate are critical for attracting foreign direct investment. Financial sector development is needed to support private sector growth and economic diversification. If implemented successfully, the government’s policies could be the basis for a Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility arrangement.

International Monetary Fund

The policies in a challenging political and economic environment are discussed in this study. The importance of reforms to enhance the budget process, tax administration, and expenditure control is encouraged. A higher growth path will require far-reaching structural reforms to bolster Comoros's competitiveness and increase the economy’s ability to intermediate remittances and aid inflows. The need to improve the business environment and the management of public utilities is explained in detail.

International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

The Comorian authorities have made steady progress in fiscal consolidation, reinvigorated their structural reform agenda, and gathered strong public support for sound macroeconomic policies. Macroeconomic developments have been largely positive, mostly thanks to improved policies. External competitiveness has improved step by step in the last year by the recent depreciation of the euro vis-à-vis the U.S. dollar. In the medium term, the government intends to seek further gains in fiscal consolidation and to accelerate reform of public enterprises and civil service.

International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights difficulties the economy of Comoros encountered in 2015 and the first half of 2016. An ongoing crisis in the electricity sector and slower-than-expected implementation of the public investment program were the main factors behind the slower growth. Inflation remained well anchored at an annual rate of about 2 percent. Fiscal policy was challenging for most of 2015 as the impact of slower economic growth was compounded by lower revenues. Growth is projected to pick up somewhat to 2 percent in 2016, and revenues are projected to increase to 12 percent of GDP.