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International Monetary Fund

This paper assesses Romania’s First and Second Reviews Under the Stand-By Arrangement (SBA), Request for Waivers, and Modification of Performance Criterion. The authorities have so far achieved the main macroeconomic objectives of the program supported by the SBA; the results now need to be consolidated and sustained. The program was designed with a view to reducing inflation while preserving growth and containing the current account deficit. The IMF staff considers that the government’s revised program deserves support. The government has also confirmed its commitment to the program through the adoption of important corrective measures.

International Monetary Fund

This paper presents Romania’s First Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement and a Request for Waiver and Modification of Performance Criteria. Output growth remains favorable and disinflation is proceeding. The current account deficit is in line with the program’s target, and the balance of payments is strengthening. Credit growth in general has slowed, but its foreign currency denominated component has picked up again. Net wage growth remains high, fueling consumption, but labor costs are not deviating substantially from productivity growth.

International Monetary Fund

Romania’s 2004 Article IV Consultation and Request for Stand-By Arrangement (SBA) are discussed. The authorities have requested a new precautionary 24-month SBA to secure macroeconomic stabilization and keep European Union accession on track. Romania has preserved competitiveness, despite the slowdown in depreciation and recently strong domestic demand. Exports remained the strongest component of aggregate demand and Romania continued to increase market share in its main trading partners. An exchange-rate-based monetary policy has been successful in accomplishing disinflation but has faced challenges in containing credit growth.

International Monetary Fund
Romania’s 2004 Article IV Consultation and Request for Stand-By Arrangement (SBA) are discussed. The authorities have requested a new precautionary 24-month SBA to secure macroeconomic stabilization and keep European Union accession on track. Romania has preserved competitiveness, despite the slowdown in depreciation and recently strong domestic demand. Exports remained the strongest component of aggregate demand and Romania continued to increase market share in its main trading partners. An exchange-rate-based monetary policy has been successful in accomplishing disinflation but has faced challenges in containing credit growth.
International Monetary Fund
Romania showed progress in stabilization and reform, facilitated by substantial fiscal and external adjustments, under the Stand-By Arrangement. Executive Directors commended these developments, and emphasized the need to improve fiscal and monetary policies, and accelerate structural reforms. Directors appreciated the authorities' commitment to accelerate European Union accession, and stressed the need for fiscal consolidation, financial discipline in state-owned enterprises, and rapid privatization for reducing inflation and protecting external sustainability. They urged the authorities for the full implementation of the economic program, and approved a Stand-By Arrangement.
International Monetary Fund
This paper assesses Romania’s Third Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement and a Request for Waiver of Performance Criterion. Romania’s macroeconomic performance continued to be favorable, but slippages in wage policy and privatization delayed the completion of the third review. Robust GDP growth continued throughout 2002, and progress in reducing inflation and the current account deficit was better than targeted. However, financial discipline in the state-owned sector remained weak, and the end-September performance criterion on the wage bill in monitored state-owned enterprises was not observed.
International Monetary Fund
This paper reviews the experience of the IMF’s long-term engagement in Romania and options for future IMF involvement. The unfavorable growth performance also reflected adverse conditions for private sector development. Foreign investors have welcomed the more stable macroeconomic environment and the tax legislation overhaul under the recent Stand-By Arrangement. Although the overlap between Bank and IMF conditionality in the area of structural reforms was not conducive to reducing the number of conditions, it helped increase the pressure on the authorities to maintain the reform momentum.
International Monetary Fund

Romania's macroeconomic performance remains broadly in line with the program, but the recent strengthening of domestic demand and nonobservance of four performance criteria require corrective measures. Discussions on policies for 2003 took place in the context of increasing risks stemming from unfavorable external developments, accelerating domestic demand, and a widening of the current account deficit. IMF staff noted the delay in preparing the privatization strategy for the energy sector, and encouraged the authorities to make every effort to complete the privatization of the energy sector.

International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discussions with government officials, is published at the option of the member country.

International Monetary Fund

This 2002 Article IV Consultation highlights that since mid-2001, a combination of budget restraint, ambitious energy price adjustments, and prudent monetary policy moderated domestic demand and reduced the current account deficit in Romania. At the same time, export and GDP growth were among the highest in the region, reflecting the fruits of private investments in export-oriented consumer goods industries over the last few years, and the gains in competitiveness from the 1999 adjustment in the real effective exchange rate. Rising productivity, complemented by moderate economy-wide wage growth, has preserved competitiveness.