This Selected Issues paper and Statistical Appendix examines some aspects of the civil service reform in Benin. It describes the main features of the promotion and compensation system currently in place; assesses the early efforts at reforming the civil service; and examines the main measures envisaged for 1998–2001. The paper assesses the impact of savings and loan associations on financial intermediation. It reviews the development of savings and loan associations in Benin, with particular focus on Federation of Rural Savings and Loan Cooperatives (FECECAM) because of its leading role in the system.
This paper examines Mali’s Fourth Review Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) Arrangement and Request for Waiver of Performance Criteria. The implementation of the PRGF-supported program was satisfactory in 2001. All the end-December 2001 and end-March 2002 quantitative performance criteria and benchmarks were observed. However, two structural performance criteria for end-December 2001 that concerned the cotton sector were not observed. Real GDP is expected to grow by 9.3 percent in 2002, compared with the 6.7 percent anticipated under the original program.
This Technical Assistance Report discusses key recommendations for implementing fiscal decentralization in Mali. It proposes to set an optimal administrative organization of the territory, which should aim at building consistent and sustainable local governments that are best suited to address specific local needs. In this context, the regions deemed to be best suited to handle funds are envisaged to be decentralized and with large-scale development actions. The local government revenue should be optimized through local taxation, and an efficient system of transfers from the central government should be introduced. The report also proposes establishing good financial governance in Mali.
This supplement presents country case studies reviewing country experiences with managing wage bill pressures, which are the basis for the compensation and employment reform lessons identified in the main paper. The selection of countries for the case studies reflects past studies carried out by either the IMF or the World Bank in the context of technical assistance or bilateral surveillance (Table 1). These studies provide important insights into the different sources of wage bill pressures as well as the reform challenges governments have faced when addressing these pressures over the short and medium term. The studies cover 20 countries, including five advanced economies, six countries from sub-Saharan Africa, two countries in developing Asia, one country in the Middle East and North Africa, three countries in Latin America and the Caribbean, and three countries in Central and Eastern Europe and the CIS. The structure of each case study is similar, with each study starting with a presentation of the institutional coverage and framework for setting and managing the wage bill; a description of employment and compensation levels, including their comparison with the private sector; and a discussion of the challenges that motivated the need for reforms and, when applicable, the reforms implemented and lessons derived from these.