This paper presents the Financial System Stability Assessment Report on the Isle of Man (IOM). Financial sector regulation and supervision are generally of a high standard, and supervisory efforts are concentrated in those areas most relevant to the activities of financial institutions on the IOM. The Financial Supervision Commission (FSC) faces a conundrum because the major banks are subsidiaries of large international financial groups, to which they provide financing. The FSC is reconsidering to balance prudential requirements for liquidity and exposure to related parties against business needs that entail high exposures to the parent.
This paper presents a Detailed Assessment of the Isle of Man’s (IOM) Observance of the Basel Core Principles for the Effective Banking Supervision Report. The recent global financial markets turmoil has had a significant impact on the Manx financial system. The IOM has a deposit protection scheme, which has been amended shortly after the time of the assessment. The Financial Supervision Commission has adequate powers to ensure compliance with its regulations and other orders, and it uses these powers when the occasion demands.
Jersey has put in place a comprehensive and robust Antimoney Laundering/Combating the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) legal framework with a high level of compliance with almost all aspects of the Financial Action Task Force recommendations. The paper discusses a Detailed Assessment of Observance of AML/CFT report on Jersey. Both money laundering and financing of terrorism are criminalized largely in line with the international standard, and Jersey has implemented the provisions effectively.
This technical note presents stress testing of banking and insurance on the Isle of Man (IOM). The stress tests for the IOM Financial Sector Assessment Program Update have been designed to yield as comprehensive and detailed a picture as possible within the constraints of the approach and available data. Stress tests have been performed both by individual institutions based on the parameters and scenarios agreed between the authorities and IMF staff, and, at an aggregate level and in many instances, by the authorities themselves.
Jersey’s macroeconomic performance is generally satisfactory. Unemployment is low, and the trend growth rate and inflation have been satisfactorily examined. A Detailed Assessment of the Observance of the Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision Report on Jersey was also done. The legal system, which is broadly based on common law with French and Norman elements, is highly developed. The authorities have substantially adequate powers to direct, intervene in, and close a troubled financial institution.
This review of financial sector regulation and supervision in Jersey in the context of the offshore financial center assessment program contains technical advice and recommendations. The report provides a general overview of the financial system, a summary of the assessment findings and the Reports on Observance of Standards and Codes (ROSCs), and the authorities’ action plan. It also presents the detailed assessment for banking, insurance, securities, Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT), and company and trust service providers.
Losses may accrue to depositors at insolvent banks both at and after the time of official resolution. Losses at resolution occur because of poor closure rules and regulatory forbearance. Losses after resolution occur if depositors' access to their claims is delayed or "frozen." While the sources and implications of losses at resolution have been analyzed previously, the sources and implications of losses after resolution have received little attention. This paper examines the causes of delayed depositors' access to their funds at resolved banks, describes how the FDIC provides immediate access, reports on a special survey of access practices in other countries, and analyzes the costs and benefits of delayed access in terms of both the effects on market discipline and depositor pressure to protect all deposits.
This paper proposes a new definition of Offshore Financial Centers (OFCs) and develops a statistical method to differentiate between OFCs and non-OFCs using data from the Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey (CPIS), the International Investment Position (IIP), and the balance of payments. The suggested methodology identifies more than 80 percent of the OFCs in the study sample that also appear in the a priori list used by the IMF to conduct its OFC assessment program. The methodology distinguishes OFCs based strictly on their macroeconomic features and avoids subjective presumptions on their activities or regulatory frameworks. The study also identifies three new countries meeting OFC criteria.
Mr. Andreas A. Jobst, Nobuyasu Sugimoto, and Timo Broszeit
Over the last decade, stress testing has become a central aspect of the Fund’s bilateral and multilateral surveillance work. Recently, more emphasis has also been placed on the role of insurance for financial stability analysis. This paper reviews the current state of system-wide solvency stress tests for insurance based on a comparative review of national practices and the experiences from Fund’s FSAP program with the aim of providing practical guidelines for the coherent and consistent implementation of such exercises. The paper also offers recommendations on improving the current insurance stress testing approaches and presentation of results.