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International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.
This Technical Assistance Report on Djibouti provides details of IMF mission to aid on the financial soundness indicators (FSI). The mission achieved the said objectives and assisted the Banking Supervision Unit (BSU) officials in the preparation of the FSI production files and the development of the metadata files. The mission held constructive discussions with the Central Bank of Djibouti staff on various other aspects of the production of statistics aimed at improving the quality of the data produced. These discussions led to the preparation of an action plan identifying the main improvements to be pursued or undertaken, with the following priority recommendations. The report also highlights that the microfinance sector is growing in Djibouti; however, access to financing remains very limited. A review of the Call Report forms revealed a number of inconsistencies. The report recommends that the BSU staff participate regularly in the FSI courses organized by the IMF.
International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.
In response to a request of the Central Bank of Djibouti (CBD), a mission from the International Monetary Fund’s (IMF’s) Statistics Department (STA) visited Djibouti during March 4-11, 2018, to provide technical assistance (TA) on the financial soundness indicators (FSIs). The main objectives of the mission were to: (1) ensure that the source data were adequate for the compilation of the FSIs; (2) assist the CBD in the compilation of the FSIs on the basis of the international standards set out in the IMF’s Financial Soundness Indicators Compilation Guide (FSI Guide); (3) guide the staff of the CBD in the preparation of the FSI metadata in line with the IMF metadata forms; and (4) agree with the Banking Supervision Unit (BSU) on an action plan for the production of the FSIs and their regular reporting to STA.
Ms. Anna Kochanova and Carlos Caceres
This paper analyzes the linkages between governance quality and country stress events. It focuses on two types of events: fiscal and political stress events, for which two innovative stress indicators are introduced. The results suggest that weaker governance quality is associated with a higher incidence of both fiscal and political stress events. In particular, internal accountability, which measures the responsiveness of governments to improving the quality of the bureaucracy, public service provision, and respect for the institutional framework in place, is positively associated with fiscal stress events. However, external accountability, which captures government accountability before the public in general, through elections and the democratic process, seems to be more important for political stress events. These results hold when using balanced country samples where region, oil-exporter status, income level, and time are taken into account.
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Mark Allen, a U.K. national, took over the reins as Director of the IMF’s Policy Development and Review (PDR) Department in December 2003. After joining the IMF in 1974, he gained experience with member countries worldwide, serving chiefly in PDR (and its earlier incarnations), but also doing stints in the African Department and as Senior Resident Representative in Poland and Hungary. Laura Wallace spoke with him about the IMF’s efforts to inject more stability into the global economy by better staving off financial crises and resolving those that do occur more quickly and less painfully.