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Miss Rita Mesias

Abstract

This Coordinated Direct Investment Survey Guide (Guide) has been prepared to assist economies in participating in the Coordinated Direct Investment Survey (CDIS). The CDIS is being conducted under the auspices of the Statistics Department of the IMF across a wide range of economies. The survey is conducted simultaneously by all participating economies; uses consistent definitions; and encourages best practices in collecting, compiling, and disseminating data on direct investment positions. The CDIS is thus an important tool in capturing world totals and the geographic distribution of direct investment positions, thereby contributing to important new understandings of the extent of globalization, and improving the overall quality of direct investment data worldwide. As of the writing of this updated Guide, more than 100 economies participate in the CDIS.

Mrs. Anne C Jansen, Mr. Donald J Mathieson, Mr. Barry J. Eichengreen, Ms. Laura E. Kodres, Mr. Bankim Chadha, and Mr. Sunil Sharma

Abstract

Hedge funds are collective investment vehicles, often organized as private partnerships and resident offshore for tax and regulatory purposes. Their legal status places few restrictions on their portfolios and transactions, leaving their managers free to use short sales, derivative securities, and leverage to raise returns and cushion risk. This paper considers the role of hedge funds in financial market dynamics, with particular reference to the Asian crisis.

Mr. Barry J. Eichengreen and Mr. Donald J Mathieson

Abstract

Hedge funds are collective investment vehicles, often organized as private partnerships and resident offshore for tax and regulatory purposes. Their legal status places few restrictions on their portfolios and transactions, leaving their managers free to use short sales, derivative securities, and leverage to raise returns and cushion risk. This occasional paper considers the role of hedge funds in financial market dynamics, with particular reference to the Asian crisis.

Mr. Barry J. Eichengreen and Mr. Donald J Mathieson

Abstract

Each episode of instability in international financial markets heightens the attention of government officials and others to the role played by institutional investors, and hedge funds in particular. This was the case in 1992, following the crisis affecting the exchange rate mechanism (ERM) of the European Monetary System. It was the case in 1994, a period of turbulence in international bond markets. It was again the case in 1997 in the wake of the financial upheavals in Asia. In each case, it has been suggested, hedge funds precipitated major movements in asset prices, either through the sheer volume of their own transactions or via the tendency of other market participants to follow their lead.

Mr. Bankim Chadha and Mrs. Anne C Jansen

Abstract

This section presents an overview of the hedge fund industry, focusing on its current structure and recent performance. It provides a brief history of the evolution of hedge funds, considers available data on the size and structure of the industry, examines the performance of hedge funds, and discusses the behavior and individual performance of some of the large macro hedge funds against the backdrop of major macroeconomic events in which these funds have been ascribed key roles. The section ends with a summary of the main conclusions.

International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

The currency union of Curaçao and Sint Maarten has important strengths, including a high level of development, good infrastructure, and relatively low public debt. However, preserving these going forward will require surmounting some critical challenges. GDP per capita is already at high-income country levels, but the islands must combat lackluster growth and high unemployment levels by addressing weak competitiveness and improving the investment environment. The fiscal situation remains relatively stable, following the debt relief in 2010, but sustained efforts on fiscal and structural reforms are required to lock in gains and ensure continued fiscal and debt sustainability. The authorities' structural reform plans are welcomed, but continuity in policy will be essential going forward, particularly in the context of the upcoming elections in both countries, scheduled for September 2016.

International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Kingdom of the Netherlands-Curaçao and Sint Maarten: 2014 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report; and Press Release