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International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Abstract

The IEO completed an evaluation of the governance of the IMF in 2008 when the stability of the international monetary system was under threat and the relevance and legitimacy of the IMF was in question. The 2008 evaluation assessed the extent to which IMF governance was effective and efficient, and whether it provided sufficient accountability and channels for stakeholder voices to be heard. It concluded that effectiveness had been the strongest aspect of the Fund’s governance while accountability and voice had been the weakest, with the potential to undermine legitimacy and effectiveness if not addressed.

International Monetary Fund

Abstract

As FY2010 drew to a close,1 the global economy appeared to be emerging from the worst recession in over 60 years. The recovery remained uneven, however, with some economies growing very robustly, while others were experiencing more tepid rebounds, and downside risks were increasing-and continued to do so in early FY2011. Policies are needed to address these risks and set the stage for a return to strong and sustained global growth.

International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Abstract

Since May 2016, the IEO has completed two evaluations—The IMF and the Crises in Greece, Ireland, and Portugal and The IMF and Social Protection—and one evaluation update—Multilateral Surveillance: Revisiting the 2006 IEO Evaluation. The IEO has also launched three new evaluations—which will analyze the Fund’s role on fragile states, its financial surveillance activities, and its advice on unconventional monetary policies—and two evaluation updates—which will look into the Fund’s exchange rate policy advice and structural conditionality. In addition, outside its regular work program, the IEO has published two books: The International Monetary Fund and the Learning Organization: The Role of Independent Evaluation (Schwartz and Rist, 2016) and Background Papers for the IMF and the Crises in Greece, Ireland, and Portugal (Schwartz and Takagi, 2017).

International Monetary Fund

Abstract

The past year has been a roller coaster for the global economy.4 The severe financial crisis that followed the collapse of Lehman Brothers in September 2008 had a significant negative effect on the world economy, with global output falling by ½ percent in 2009. Advanced economies were the most significantly affected by the financial crisis, having to deal with a serious credit crunch, battered balance sheets, and rising unemployment. In these countries, output fell by 3¼ percent in 2009. The crisis was transmitted swiftly across the globe through a number of channels-including a collapse in trade, a drying up of capital flows, and a drop in remittances. When the dust had settled, it became obvious that several emerging markets and low-income countries had been severely affected by the global crisis, the worst in over 60 years.

International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Abstract

Effective follow-up is critical to ensuring that the IMF gets the full benefits of IEO evaluations. The focus is placed on the implementation of evaluation recommendations approved by the Executive Board, as laid out in a Management Implementation Plan (MIP).

International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Abstract

The 2008 evaluation assessed the degree to which Fund governance was effective and efficient, and whether it provided sufficient accountability and channels for stakeholders to have their views heard. It focused on institutional structures as well as on the formal and informal relationships among the Fund’s main governance bodies: the Executive Board (“Board”), Management (the Managing Director and Deputy Managing Directors), and the International Monetary and Financial Committee (IMFC). Overall, it found that effectiveness had been the strongest aspect of Fund governance, which allowed for quick and consistent action particularly in times of systemic crisis. On the other hand, accountability and voice had been the weakest aspects, which the evaluation considered would likely undermine legitimacy and effectiveness over the medium term if left unaddressed.

International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Abstract

Significant progress has been made over the past decade towards reforming IMF governance, notably towards realigning quota and voice with member country positions in the global economy. There have also been numerous developments relative to the Board, Management, and the IMFC since the IEO evaluation. This chapter summarizes these developments as well as highlights areas where there has not been much change since 2008.

International Monetary Fund

Abstract

The global economy went through a period of unprecedented financial instability in 2008-09, accompanied by the worst global economic downturn and collapse in trade in many decades. The IMF played a leading role in helping its member countries deal with the immediate challenges posed by the crisis and begin to shape a new, stronger global financial system.