The first review of Maldives’ economic performance under the Stand-By Arrangement (SBA) and the Arrangement under the Exogenous Shocks Facility is discussed. The fiscal deficit in 2009 was estimated at 26¼ percent of GDP, 2½ percentage points lower than previously projected. The growth of monetary aggregates slowed down in line with projections. A key risk concerns the ability of the government to maintain the public sector wage cuts. A negative outcome on this would have a large fiscal impact.
International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept
This 2014 Article IV Consultation highlights that Maldives’ real economy has picked up. Growth is estimated to have reached 5 percent in 2014 with stronger tourism activity driven by a rapid expansion from Asian markets and a tepid recovery from Europe. The IMF staff expects growth to be about 5 percent in 2015. Weaker import prices have pushed down inflation to low levels. Growth is expected to remain relatively strong in the near term, though the fiscal adjustment envisaged in the 2015 Budget will have a mildly negative effect on growth.
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
De Rato on global imbalances; Committee to study IMF finances; IMF management change; Country briefs: Maldives, Israel; Emerging soverign debt markets; Euro area imbalances; Preference erosion; Import protection; Effects of IMF program; ECOSOC meeting.
The paper evaluates the South Asia Free Trade Agreement (SAFTA) within the global structure of overlapping regional trade agreements (RTAs) using a modified gravity equation. First, it examines the effects of the Trade Liberalization Program which started in 2006. SAFTA would have a minor effect on regional trade flows and the impact on custom duties would be a manageable fiscal shock for most members. Second, the paper ranks the trade effects of other potential RTAs for individual South Asian countries and SAFTA: RTAs with North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the European Union (EU) dominate one with the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN).