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Guy Debelle, Mr. Miguel A Savastano, Mr. Paul R Masson, and Mr. Sunil Sharma

Abstract

Inflation distorts prices, erodes savings, discourages investment, stimulates capital flight, inhibits growth, and makes economic planning a nightmare. During the past decade, several advanced economies have taken a new approach to the age-old problem of controlling inflation through monetary policy known as "inflation targeting." This pamphlet explains the requirements of putting the new policy in place, the experience of the countries that have tried it, and whether it has applicability to developing countries.

Mr. Craig Beaumont, Li Cui, and Benoît Mercereau (all APD)

This Selected Issues paper reviews how Australia’s economy has adapted to a flexible Australian Dollar. The paper provides a background on the float and the initial policy challenges. It discusses the main elements of the Future Fund proposal, and estimates how much Australia and other countries in the Asia-Pacific region would gain from greater financial integration. The results suggest that these welfare gains are large, giving an argument in favor of a progressive capital account liberalization across the region, once the needed supporting measures are in place.

International Monetary Fund

This Selected Issues paper examines financial linkages and the correlation between Australian and U.S. output. It shows that the financial linkages have played an important role in conveying shocks from the United States to the Australian economy, and that these have become increasingly important in the 1990s. The paper examines income and output convergence across Australian states. It also examines the role of the terms of trade and different commodity prices in explaining the real exchange rate.

International Monetary Fund

This Selected Issues paper examines financial linkages and the correlation between Australian and U.S. output. It shows that the financial linkages have played an important role in conveying shocks from the United States to the Australian economy, and that these have become increasingly important in the 1990s. The paper examines income and output convergence across Australian states. It also examines the role of the terms of trade and different commodity prices in explaining the real exchange rate.

International Monetary Fund

This Selected Issues paper and Statistical Appendix focuses on two analytical approaches for judging whether the current account for Australia is sustainable. The paper implements the first approach, by asking how Australia’s net external liability position is likely to evolve over time, based on assumptions of future growth and interest rates. The paper implements the second approach by exploring the implications of a model of optimal external borrowing and lending. The main conclusions are also discussed in the paper.

International Monetary Fund

Using official data from the Australian Bureau of Economic Statistics and a formal growth accounting framework, this paper shows that the rapid accumulation of information processing and communication technology (ICT) capital over the last two decades in Australia has played a significant role in explaining the impressive, structural acceleration of labor productivity. The following statistical data are also included: household income, expenditure and savings, labor market, fiscal indicators, credit aggregates, capital and financial account, external assets and liabilities, export by commodity group, and so on.