This paper reviews economic developments in Myanmar during 1990–95. The rapid economic growth of 1992/93–1994/95, which averaged more than 7 percent per year, has allowed the economy to recoup much of what it lost in 1988/89 and 1991/92. However, on a per capita basis, neither GDP nor agricultural output has yet recovered to the levels reached in the mid-1980s. The strong GDP growth achieved in 1994/95 essentially reflected continued good performance of the agricultural sector and a further rapid expansion of the financial sector.
This paper describes and evaluates developments in foreign markets for dollars, sterling, and the major currencies of Western Europe. The most important foreign markets for dollar deposits are in Montreal, Toronto, London, and a number of cities in continental Western Europe. The dollars that are dealt with on external markets may, for purposes of convenience, be treated as if they were handled in two separate ways, though in practice bankers and exchange dealers shift from one way to the other. An owner of dollars may make them available through a financial intermediary, or through a series of financial intermediaries, to someone who wants to borrow dollars. Euro-dollar operations are conducted by banks and financial institutions, and are described in terms of receiving and making dollar deposits. They might equally be described in terms of borrowing and lending dollars. Euro-dollar operations significantly affect the reported ownership of dollar deposits.
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
In a press release issued on August 18, the IMF Executive Board announced that on August 3 it had discussed making the independent Evaluation Office operational (see Press Release No. 00/27) and agreed to the publication of the background paper that provided the basis for the discussion, as well as the Chairman’s concluding remarks.