International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
The world is undergoing a major demographic transition. In industrial countries, aging populations will strain government finances and reduce growth. In contrast, expanding workforces in many developing countries may translate into higher growth. Both trends are likely to pose significant challenges for global and domestic economies. In the September World Economic Outlook (WEO), an IMF team analyzes these developments and examines how policymakers should respond. Nikola Spatafora of the IMF’s Research Department provides more details below.