This paper explains the features of the Communaute Financiere Africaine (CFA) Franc system. All CFA countries belong to one of three monetary systems. Although their statutes and functions differ somewhat, the three central banks have various common features. All three central banks are authorized to extend short-term and medium-term credit to the private sector. Many the commercial banks operating in the CFA countries are French banks with head offices in Paris. The credit operations of the commercial banks in the CFA countries are largely dependent upon the rediscount facilities offered by the central banks. The Bank is the sole authority for issuing CFA currency in the countries of French Equatorial Africa and in Cameroon. The exchange regulations applied in the CFA countries are patterned on those of France, with adaptations decided upon by local authorities according to local conditions and requirements. While exchange transactions with the other franc area countries generally are free, those with the non-franc area are subject to licensing.
This paper reviews key findings of the IMF’s Annual Report for the fiscal year ended April 30, 1958. The report highlights that at the beginning of 1957, the world economy was still dominated by boom conditions generated by an intense worldwide wave of private and public investment, which was reflected in a large demand for capital. Already in some countries, there were signs that a period of readjustment was not far off, but most of the payments problems that called for treatment during the first three quarters of the year had their origin in the inflationary methods.
This paper reviews key findings of the IMF’s Annual Report for the fiscal year ended April 30, 1974. The report highlights that in mid-1974, the world economy was in the throes of a virulent and widespread inflation, a deceleration of economic growth in reaction to the preceding high rate of expansion, and a massive disequilibrium in international payments. The average annual rate of inflation in industrial countries, already 7 percent in 1973, reached 12 percent (in terms of gross national product deflators) in the first half of 1974.
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
This paper focuses on telecommunication development in Ethiopia. The paper highlights that there are now over 20,000 telephones in Addis Ababa (in 1969), but the demand for service still exceeds the supply. About 800 installation requests are received each quarter; of these, 600 can be fulfilled. Ethiopia’s annual telephone growth rate has averaged 17 percent over the past six years. Though long-distance lines have been expanded by 125 percent since the early 1950s, the interurban network between Addis Ababa and the rest of the country is seriously overloaded.