Les économistes du FMI travaillent en étroite collaboration avec les pays membres sur diverses questions. Leur point de vue unique sur les expériences nationales et leurs bonnes pratiques relatives aux questions macroéconomiques mondiales sont souvent partagés sous la forme de livres sur divers sujets tels que les comparaisons entre pays, le renforcement des capacités, la politique macroéconomique, l’intégration financière et la mondialisation.
This paper focuses on goal setting for development of the world. The paper highlights that the goals come from the agreements and resolutions of the world conferences organized by the United Nations in the first half of the 1990s. The paper focuses on seven goals that cover poverty, education, gender equality, infant and child mortality, maternal mortality, reproductive health, and environment. Each of the seven goals addresses an aspect of poverty. The paper also emphasizes that these goals should be viewed together because they are mutually reinforcing.
The developing countries in sub-Saharan Africa face a combination of difficult conditions under which they have to bring development to their largely impoverished—and growing—populations. How did these conditions evolve, and how can they be improved? This article presents an overview of the economy of the region.
The government of Malawi has finalized its third annual progress report (APR) of Malawi’s Poverty Reduction Strategy (MPRS) for the period July 2004 to December 2005. The government’s strategy as described in the MPRS focuses on reducing poverty through creating a stable macroeconomic environment and undertaking activities in four interrelated pillars. IMF staff recommends that in future processes, extra effort is made to ensure greater participation by the private sector and key members of parliament. The food security crisis was deeper than anticipated, leading to higher expenditures.
This joint staff assessment evaluates the strengths and weaknesses of Malawi’s poverty reduction strategy (MPRS), and considers whether the PRSP provides a sound basis for concessional assistance from the World Bank and IMF, as well as for debt relief under the Enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Debt Initiative. The annual review of the MPRS highlighted the reduced allocation of budgetary resources to pro-poor activities and the slow progress made in implementing structural and sectoral policy measures, and assesses that the implementation of the MPRSP has been unsatisfactory.