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Giuseppe Carone and Declan Costello

The Economics of Demographics provides a detailed look at how the biggest demographic upheaval in history is affecting global development. The issue explores demographic change and the effects of population aging from a variety of angles, including pensions, health care, financial markets, and migration, and looks specifically at the impact in Europe and Asia. Picture This looks at global demographic trends, while Back to Basics explains the concept of the demographic dividend. Country Focus spotlights Kazakhstan, while People in Economics profiles Nobel prize winner Robert Mundell. IMF Economic Counsellor Raghuram Rajan argues for further change in India's style of government in his column, Straight Talk.

International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Finland’s economy has made impressive strides in recent years, but will face the challenge of population aging earlier than any other country in the European Union, the IMF said in its annual economic assessment. Aided by strong productivity gains, a stable macroeconomic policy framework, low inflation, and sizable fiscal surpluses, the economy weathered the recent global slowdown relatively well, and an improved domestic and external climate is set to strengthen growth. However, structural unemployment remains high, and employment stagnant.