This paper presents findings of the Fourth Review Under the Extended Credit Facility Arrangement for Burkina Faso. Near-term policy discussions focused on specifying 2012 financing needs arising from the shocks to help prevent crowding out the authorities’ development program—Strategy for Accelerated Growth and Sustainable Development. The authorities have implemented decisive adjustment measures, without which financing needs would be much higher. Program performance was strong in 2011, despite domestic social unrest and political turmoil in neighboring Côte d’Ivoire. All quantitative performance criteria and all indicative targets were met.
Chad’s chronic instability has hindered growth and poverty reduction. Chad remains among the poorest countries in the world, and has made little progress toward the Millennium Development Goals. The global financial crisis affected Chad mainly through the decline in oil prices. Prompt reaction to the pressing food shortage needs to be complemented by measures to increase agriculture productivity. The government should adopt a supplementary budget that reduces the non-oil primary deficit while accommodating priority spending. Improving public financial management is the key.
Kenya’s strong economic performance in recent years with real GDP growth of 6 percent on average over 2004–07 has been stalled by a series of exogenous but temporary shocks that hit the economy in 2008. The staff report highlights Kenya's request for Disbursement under the Rapid-Access Component of the Exogenous Shocks Facility. Monetary policy has been eased to support economic activity and fiscal policy focused on reprioritizing expenditure. Structural policies have focused on improving the food distribution mechanism for better access to staples for an estimated 10 million food-deficient Kenyans.
In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discussions with government officials, is published at the option of the member country.
This paper discusses key findings of the Sixth Review Under the Policy Support Instrument (PSI) for the United Republic of Tanzania. All end-June 2009 quantitative performance/assessment criteria were met. Good progress has been achieved with structural reforms. The Executive Board approved the Fifth Review of the PSI and a 12-month arrangement under the high access component of the Exogenous Shocks Facility in the amount of SDR 218.79 million (110 percent of quota) on May 29, 2009.
This study focused on the macroeconomic framework, food security needs, implementation of priority investment projects, and domestic petroleum pricing policy. The new fiscal program contains a number of new measures, and it is a precise policy for domestic petroleum pricing. The execution of the revenue mobilization strategy is needed to increase Niger’s low revenue-to-gross domestic product (GDP) ratio and to meet the expenditure needs associated with the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). IMF staff encourages the authorities to activate the pace of structural reforms.
This Selected Issues paper for Japan illustrates the impact of fiscal and structural reforms on the Japanese and world economies. Japan faces a sizable fiscal deficit, against a backdrop of weak trend growth and growing imbalances in the world economy. Moreover, upward pressure on health care and social security spending owing to an aging population will add significantly to strains on public resources in the near future. The Japanese government is taking a range of measures aimed at raising productivity growth and stabilizing the public debt in relation to GDP over the medium term.
This paper assesses Malawi’s 2002 Article IV Consultation and Economic Program for 2002. Malawi’s economic program was guided by the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) process. The program has been designed in close collaboration with the World Bank and other members of the international community. Malawi’s core economic databases are weak, and the authorities will have to address serious deficiencies more forcefully. Growth performance was disappointing in 2001, with real output likely to have contracted. For 2002, preliminary agricultural production data point at best to a weak economic recovery.