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International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

This paper highlights that 1976 was an important year for the IMF. With the end of 1976, the IMF closed its books on a year of virtually unprecedented activity. It launched the New Year with a US$3.9 billion stand-by arrangement for the United Kingdom, the largest ever made for a member country. The outlook at the beginning of 1977 suggests another busy year ahead for the IMF. The proposed second amendment to the IMF’s Articles of Agreement and the increase in members’ quotas are expected to go into effect before the end of the year.

J. M. Fleming and S. C. Tsiang

THE PRINCIPAL AIM of this paper is to consider the extent to which changes in any one exporting country’s share in the total of manufactured goods exported by a number of countries can be accounted for statistically by changes in the competitive strength, as measured by some price index, of that country.

Ezriel M. Brook and Enzo R. Grilli

This article discusses the results of recent research for the Bank in a field which is the subject of current debate and discussion in international forums. On the basis of empirical investigation it deals with the choices available to developing countries in commodity price stabilization.

International Monetary Fund

Abstract

This chapter discusses principles and consequences of the common agricultural policy (CAP) of the European Community (EC). It shows that agricultural pricing policies aimed at supporting farm incomes were already in place in EC member countries before the inception of the CAP; indeed, in the presence of these policies, the CAP was a logical consequence of the extension of the common market to the agricultural sector. Thus, the flaws of the CAP can be traced back to national policies and attitudes toward agriculture. Recognition of the burden of agricultural support on the rest of the economy, as well as the growing budgetary costs, has elicited a greater public interest in the CAP. Equally, the trade frictions caused by export subsidies have underlined the CAP's international implications. For these reasons, the member states appear more determined than hitherto to bring agricultural expenditure under control. Given the wider effects of the CAP both on EC economies and the international community, it is to be hoped that current efforts at reform will be successful.

Mr. Masahiro Nozaki, Mr. Tobias Roy, Mr. Pawel Dyczewski, Mr. Bernhard Fritz-Krockow, Ms. Fanny M Torres Gavela, Mr. Gamal Z El-Masry, and Mr. Rafael A Portillo
This paper analyzes the economic growth and stability in Suriname. The paper highlights that in recent years, the outlook has turned substantively more positive. The favorable external environment and the stability-oriented policies of the Venetian administration have boosted confidence in the economy, leading to increased investment, domestic economic activity, and employment. The recent boom in commodity prices has helped boost growth, while increased gold production and investment in the mineral industry are projected to support continued growth in the coming years.
Anne Romanis

While the immediate prospects for the Belgian economy appear rather favorable, there is a growing realization that integration into the European Economic Community (EEC) will pose the need for marked structural changes and adaptation over the next few years.1

J. van Ypersele

OVER THE PAST FEW YEARS, the member countries of the European Economic Community (EEC) have elaborated a common agricultural policy (CAP), as expressly provided for in the Treaty of Rome, which went into effect on January 1, 1958. This task has proven to be much more difficult than the creation of a common market for industrial goods, because the existing agricultural policies of the member countries, designed largely to protect farm incomes, were so divergent. The long series of negotiations to achieve a common agricultural policy were begun about eight years ago, and, after various crises and round-the-clock sessions, they have now been virtually completed. The CAP becomes fully operative in July 1968.

International Monetary Fund

Abstract

This paper examines legal developments in area of floating currencies, special drawing rights, and gold in the IMF. It highlights that the breakdown of the par value system of the original Articles of the IMF and the failure of the IMF’s efforts to substitute a comparable system based on central rates are producing widespread effects in international and domestic law. The floating of sterling has been an impetus to the reversal of the ancient rule that English courts can give monetary judgments only in sterling. It has also influenced the choice of the exchange rate on the day when payment is actually made.