International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.
On December 24, 2013, a tropical trough system impacted St. Vincent and the Grenadines. The heavy rains resulted in severe floods and landslides, with damages and losses estimated to be equivalent to about 15 percent of GDP. With most of the impact falling on infrastructure, including bridges, roads and hydroelectric facilities, emergency relief costs and rehabilitation and reconstruction expenses are opening a balance of payments gap in 2014.
This 2005 Article IV Consultation highlights that real GDP growth in Grenada, on average, has been low over the last five years compared with growth of nearly 6 percent a year in the late-1990s. Inflation has remained low and stable within the framework of the currency board arrangement. The annual inflation rate in April 2005 was 1.8 percent. External current account deficits have been large, although mostly financed by foreign direct investment and capital transfers. Financial sector indicators have also strengthened in recent years.
This paper highlights Grenada’s Request for Emergency Assistance. The near-term economic outlook of Grenada is very difficult. Having grown by nearly 4 percent in the first half of the year, the economy is now projected to contract by more than 3 percent in 2004. The authorities, with the support of the international community, are responding swiftly to the emerging needs of the economy. The authorities have also requested a purchase under the IMF’s policy on emergency assistance for natural disasters for an amount equivalent to SDR 2.93 million.
Niger’s First Review Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility, and Requests for Waiver of Nonobservance of Performance Criteria and Augmentation of Access are discussed. The sharp rise in food prices pushed up inflation in 2005, while the food shortage affected one-fourth of the population, resulting in malnutrition and the spread of diseases, especially among children. Increased drought-related imports and a significant deterioration in the terms of trade, mainly because of higher oil prices, have weakened Niger’s external position.
The Executive Board of the IMF has approved a disbursement of an amount equivalent to SDR 2.075 million under the Rapid Credit Facility for St. Vincent and the Grenadines to help the country manage the economic impact of Hurricane Tomas. The Board’s approval enables the immediate disbursement of the full amount. The late-October 2010 hurricane inflicted significant damage to agriculture, housing, and infrastructure. The initial assessment conducted by the government estimated the cost of damage at 5 percent of gross domestic product.
This paper quantifies the effect of public investment on growth in the ECCU. The results, emerging from panel vector autoregressions, indicate that the return on public investment, as defined by Perreira (2000), is very likely negative. This means that the total change in real output induced by one EC dollar of public investment, due to its short-run impact on demand, or the longer-run impact on supply, is below one EC dollar. Public investment shocks also appear to appreciate the real exchange rate, suggesting that the short-run demand impact is larger than the long-run supply response.