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Abstract

Edited by G.K. Helleiner, this volume contains the proceedings of a symposium jointly sponsored by the Association of African Central Banks and the IMF that was held in Nairobi, Kenya, in May 1985.

International Monetary Fund

Abstract

This paper describes the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative and suggests that it should enable HIPCs to exit from the debt-rescheduling process. It argues that implementation of the Initiative should eliminate debt as an impediment to economic development and growth and enable HIPC governments to focus on the difficult policies and reforms required to remove the remaining impediments to achieving sustainable development. The paper describes the implementation of the Initiative through the end of September 1998.

International Monetary Fund

Abstract

This paper analyzes the IMF’s Enhanced Initiative for Heavily Indebted Poor Countries, which provides debt relief for low-income countries. The paper highlights that countries affected by the debt crisis of the 1980s received concerted support from the international financial community in the form of Paris Club flow reschedulings, stock-of-debt operations under the Brady plan, and adjustment programs supported by the multilateral financial institutions. These measures proved effective in significantly improving the debt situation of many middle-income countries.

Mr. F. Rozwadowski, Mr. Siddharth Tiwari, Mr. David Robinson, and Ms. Susan M Schadler

Abstract

This paper evaluates progress made under ESAF-supported programs in attaining external viability, restoring economic growth, and implementing structural reforms. Performance is evaluated for 19 countries that entered ESAF arrangements by mid-1992, against the background of their initial conditions, external environment, and implementation of structural and macroeconomic policies.

Mr. F. Rozwadowski, Mr. Siddharth Tiwari, Mr. David Robinson, and Ms. Susan M Schadler

Abstract

Ce document évalue les progrès réalisés dans le cadre des programmes appuyés par la FASR pour atteindre la viabilité extérieure, rétablir la croissance économique et mettre en œuvre les réformes structurelles. Les résultats sont évalués pour 19 pays qui avaient conclu des programmes au titre de la FASR à la mi-1992, en fonction de leurs conditions initiales, de l'environnement extérieur et de la mise en œuvre des politiques structurelles et macroéconomiques.

International Monetary Fund

Abstract

Countries affected by the debt crisis of the 1980s received concerted support from the international financial community in the form of Paris Club flow reschedulings (rescheduling of debt service falling due), stock-of-debt operations (reduction in the stock of outstanding debt) under the Brady plan, and adjustment programs supported by the multilateral financial institutions. These measures proved effective in significantly improving the debt situation of many middle-income countries. A number of poor countries, especially those in sub-Saharan Africa, however, continued to face difficulties in meeting their external debt-servicing obligations because of a confluence of factors. These included the accumulation—through, among other things, provision by creditors of official export credits and poor external debt-management strategies in the debtor countries—of significant nonconcessional debt, a deterioration in debtors’ terms of trade, vagaries of weather, protracted civil wars, weak economic policies, and weaknesses in governance.1

International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

This paper discusses Mozambique’s First Review Under the Policy Support Instrument (PSI) and Request for Modification of Assessment Criteria. Mozambique’s macroeconomic outlook remains favorable and the PSI-supported program is broadly on track. All assessment criteria were met and most indicative targets, but there was some slippage on structural reforms. Economic growth is robust and inflation remains moderate. In spite of risks stemming from the uncertain global economy, growth is expected to be sustained in the medium term by the natural resource boom and infrastructure investment. Structural reforms along a broad policy spectrum should be implemented vigorously to foster sustained and more inclusive growth.