Mongolia has made great strides in fostering a market economy and promoting macroeconomic stability under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) Arrangement. Executive Directors welcomed this step, and stressed the need to improve economic governance, fiscal and monetary policies, and accelerate structural reforms. They appreciated the fiscal transparency and accountability, realistic budgeting, better treasury management, and the privatization and energy sector reform. They agreed that the government's reform program merits the support of the international community, and approved the request for a three-year arrangement under the PRGF.
Mongolia has performed commendably under the Poverty Reduction Growth Facility arrangements. Executive Directors commended the prudent macroeconomic policies, low inflation, and reduction in vulnerability. They stressed the need to strengthen the fiscal position, improve economic governance, pursue prudent monetary and external debt management policies, and maintain an open trade and investment regime. They agreed that Mongolia's Economic Growth Support and Poverty Reduction Strategy (EGSPRS) provides a sound basis for IMF’s concessional financial assistance, and approved further finance assistance.
This 2002 Article IV Consultation highlights that Mongolia’s domestic economic performance was mixed during 2000–01 and in the first half of 2002. The severe winters of 2000–01 took a heavy toll on output and rural incomes. Real GDP growth is officially estimated to have declined to about 1 percent a year in 2000–01. Inflation rose to 11½ percent in 2000, as the effects of weather-related decreases in food supplies and higher public utility tariffs were compounded by a 25 percent general increase in civil service wages.
This paper focuses on proposed Stand-By arrangement (SBA) for Mongolia. This proposed SBA would aim to smooth adjustment to the catastrophic terms-of-trade shock, restore health to the country’s fiscal finances, and allow for exchange rate flexibility in line with market conditions. In addition, the IMF program would outline a clear macroeconomic framework to provide the basis for the authorities to approach the broader international community for financial support. Monetary policy will be calibrated to lower inflation while maintaining a flexible exchange rate and safeguarding international reserves.
International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept
Fifth Review Under the Extended Fund Facility Arrangement and Request for Modification and Waiver of Applicability of Performance Criteria-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Supplement; and Statement by the Executive Director for Mongolia