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International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

(www.imf.org)

International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen to podcasts given by top IMF economists on important issues in the global economy. www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/survey/so/home.aspx

Mr. Tito Cordella, Luca Antonio Ricci, and Marta Ruiz-Arranz

Do highly indebted countries suffer from a debt overhang? Can debt relief foster their growth rates? To answer these important questions, this article looks at how the debt-growth relation varies with indebtedness levels, as well as with the quality of policies and institutions, in a panel of developing countries. The main findings are that, in countries with good policies and institutions, there is evidence of debt overhang when the net present value of debt rises above 20–25 percent of GDP; however, debt becomes irrelevant above 70–80 percent. In countries with bad policies and institutions, thresholds appear to be lower, but the evidence of debt overhang is weaker and we cannot rule out that debt is always irrelevant. Indeed, in such countries, as well as in countries with high indebtedness levels, investment does not depend on debt levels. The analysis suggests that not all countries are likely to profit from debt relief, and thus that a one-size-fits-all debt relief approach might not be the most appropriate one.

International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

To support low-income countries in achieving the Millennium Development Goals and help prevent a recurrence of debt problems that could undermine these objectives, the IMF, in collaboration with the World Bank and in consultation with donors and low-income countries, is working to develop a framework to guide low-income countries’ borrowing. This framework would assist countries that have already received permanent debt relief under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative and other low-income countries where debt is potentially an issue.

International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.
This paper discusses Grenada’s Request for Disbursement Under the Rapid Credit Facility. IMF financing support provides resources to the countries’ authorities for essential health-related expenditures and income support to ease the impact of coronavirus disease 2019 on the population. The countries’ governments have responded to the pandemic by swiftly implementing containment measures, allocating scarce budgetary resources to critical health care spending, and introducing income support to the most affected sectors and households. Protection of the financial system will help cushion the economic impact of the pandemic. Measures have also been taken by the Eastern Caribbean Central Bank to facilitate the provision of credit and safeguard financial stability. Going forward, and once the current crisis dissipates, the authorities intend to push ahead with a comprehensive Disaster Resilience Strategy aimed at building resilience to natural disasters. They are also committed to further strengthening financial sector oversight to safeguard macro-financial stability.
International Monetary Fund
Depuis plusieurs années, le FMI publie un nombre croissant de rapports et autres documents couvrant l'évolution et les tendances économiques et financières dans les pays membres. Chaque rapport, rédigé par une équipe des services du FMI à la suite d'entretiens avec des représentants des autorités, est publié avec l'accord du pays concerné.
International Monetary Fund
Program implementation is satisfactory and economic activity is recovering in Mauritania. The budget preserves fiscal discipline and protects infrastructures and social spending. Greater flexibility in the exchange rate and an enhanced monetary policy framework will help build reserves. The structural program continues to focus on improving the business climate. The commitment for continued fiscal consolidation is commended by Executive Directors. This will help strengthen the country’s resilience to external shocks, improve the country’s prospects for mobilizing external support, sustain economic growth, create jobs, and reduce poverty.
International Monetary Fund
Depuis plusieurs années, le FMI publie un nombre croissant de rapports et autres documents couvrant l'évolution et les tendances économiques et financières dans les pays membres. Chaque rapport, rédigé par une équipe des services du FMI à la suite d'entretiens avec des représentants des autorités, est publié avec l'accord du pays concerné.
International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.
This 2017 Article IV Consultation highlights that Tunisia’s economic growth almost doubled to 1.9 percent in 2017, as confidence strengthened on the back of improved security and the unity government’s early progress with policy and reform implementation. Investment and exports remained sluggish, however. Growth is expected to reach 2.4 percent in 2018, helped by a good agricultural season and a pickup in manufacturing and tourism. The unemployment rate remains high at 15 percent. Trade data for early 2018 show an improvement in export performance, while import growth is slowing. This favorable trend is expected to continue throughout the remainder of the year, supported by a more favorable real exchange rate.
International Monetary Fund
In this study, Chad’s economic developments and policies have been prepared by an IMF staff team. The recent economic developments and risks of the financial system are reported. Budget discipline has been improved by strengthening the public financial system (PFM). The views of IMF staff regarding medium-term fiscal policy, the financial sector assessment program (FSAP), and tax measures have also been accepted by the authorities. Finally, the IMF staff appraisal also outlined. In this paper, recent developments in public external debt and public domestic debt are studied.