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International Monetary Fund

This paper describes economic developments in Comoros during the 1990s. The economic performance of Comoros during 1991–94 was characterized by real growth of about 1.6 percent a year on average, large financial imbalances, an eroding export base, and the accumulation of large domestic and external payments arrears. Public finances came under pressure as revenue performance deteriorated as a result of a narrow tax base, tax exemptions and evasion, and poor tax administration, exacerbated by rising current expenditures, which stemmed in particular from a growing wage bill.

International Monetary Fund

This paper discusses an assessment of Comoros’s performance Under the Program Supported by the Emergency Post-Conflict Assistance (EPCA). Overall performance under the EPCA-supported program has been broadly satisfactory. Nearly all EPCA performance indicators for end-March 2009 were observed. Revenue collection was stronger than anticipated. On the spending side, recent measures to improve expenditure management are gradually restoring order in spending operations, although continued difficulties have been experienced in managing the wage bill. All but one of the structural indicators were met.

International Monetary Fund

This recent economic developments report (RED) provides background information on economic developments in the Comoros during 1997–2000. Revenue and domestic expenditure developments resulted in small overall domestic deficits over much of the period, equivalent of 0.4 percent of GDP in 1998 and declining to 0.2 percent of GDP in both 1999 and 2000. With no source of financing, domestic or external, the Anjouan authorities accumulated substantial wage arrears, estimated at about 15 months at end-2000, as well as suppliers arrears.

International Monetary Fund

This paper reviews economic developments in the Comoros during 1992–95. The economic performance of the Comoros during 1991–94 was characterized by real growth of about 1.6 percent a year on average, large financial imbalances, an eroding export base, and the accumulation of large domestic and external payments arrears. The poor economic performance was particularly noticeable during 1994–95 when real GDP, which grew by about 3 percent during 1991–93, declined by about 2 percent a year, as a result of a negative terms-of-trade shock, and increased political uncertainty.

International Monetary Fund

The federal government has made progress in reducing fiscal imbalances and improving public services. The authorities sharply reduced expenditures on goods and services and transfers, and improved management of the payroll generated a 5 percent reduction in the wage bill compared with 1999. Executive Directors welcomed the staff-monitored program (SMP)'s emphasis on improving fiscal sustainability, and they strongly supported a continuation of the tight public sector wage policy, and endorsed the authorities' plans to reduce employment in the public sector as part of a civil service reform program.

International Monetary Fund

Political instability and weak macroeconomic management have generated negative real per capita gross domestic product growth rates, contributing to widespread poverty and a worsening of social indicators. The challenge is to attain a higher rate of growth on a sustained basis and raise the living standards of the Comorian population. Measures to improve revenue mobilization and reduce nonpriority expenditures are required. Executive Directors commend the steps taken by the authorities to improve the prudential regulations and internal controls of the central bank of Comoros.

International Monetary Fund

The federal government has made progress in reducing fiscal imbalances and improving public services. The authorities sharply reduced expenditures on goods and services and transfers, and improved management of the payroll generated a 5 percent reduction in the wage bill compared with 1999. Executive Directors welcomed the staff-monitored program (SMP)'s emphasis on improving fiscal sustainability, and they strongly supported a continuation of the tight public sector wage policy, and endorsed the authorities' plans to reduce employment in the public sector as part of a civil service reform program.

International Monetary Fund

Political instability and weak macroeconomic management have generated negative real per capita gross domestic product growth rates, contributing to widespread poverty and a worsening of social indicators. The challenge is to attain a higher rate of growth on a sustained basis and raise the living standards of the Comorian population. Measures to improve revenue mobilization and reduce nonpriority expenditures are required. Executive Directors commend the steps taken by the authorities to improve the prudential regulations and internal controls of the central bank of Comoros.

International Monetary Fund

Recent developments in the Comoros point to slow, uneven, yet significant progress in political normalization. Overall performance under the Extended Credit Facility-supported program has been broadly satisfactory. The government understands the need to continue fiscal consolidation in support of macroeconomic objectives, targeting a reduction of the domestic primary deficit. In the structural area, program focus will be on public finance management and key sectors critical to improved growth performance. Debt relief is crucial to securing medium-term external debt sustainability and for success of the program.

International Monetary Fund

The policies in a challenging political and economic environment are discussed in this study. The importance of reforms to enhance the budget process, tax administration, and expenditure control is encouraged. A higher growth path will require far-reaching structural reforms to bolster Comoros's competitiveness and increase the economy’s ability to intermediate remittances and aid inflows. The need to improve the business environment and the management of public utilities is explained in detail.