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International Monetary Fund
The Selected Issues paper for the Union of the Comoros describes an assessment of the external competitiveness. Comoros has been hard hit by negative terms-of-trade shocks that have weakened the external position. A trend decline in the world price of vanilla, its main export, has occurred parallel to unprecedented increases in international food and petroleum prices. Although export growth has slackened, imports have steadily grown driven by a surge in remittances and a steady real appreciation of the euro-pegged national currency.
International Monetary Fund
Comoros faces significant economic and political challenges. The fiscal priorities are to restore revenues and curtail spending so that domestic arrears can be reduced and the program brought back on track. Clearing external arrears is a key hurdle to debt sustainability. Improvements to the investment climate are critical for attracting foreign direct investment. Financial sector development is needed to support private sector growth and economic diversification. If implemented successfully, the government’s policies could be the basis for a Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility arrangement.
International Monetary Fund
This paper discusses the Union of Comoros’ 2008 Article IV Consultation and request for Emergency Post-Conflict Assistance and disbursement under the Rapid-Access Component of the Exogenous Shocks Facility. Real GDP growth has been well below the regional average, and per-capita income has steadily declined. Rising food and energy costs have worsened the external position, and the external debt burden is far above the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries threshold. To reverse the deteriorating trend, the authorities have initiated measures in 2008 to contain the fiscal deficit and begin to address macroeconomic and structural impediments to growth.
Mr. Thomas William Dorsey, Ms. Zuzana Brixiova, Sukhwinder Singh, and Mr. Helaway Tadesse
This paper reviews trends in capital flows and capital-like flows such as official grants and remittances to low-income countries over the period 1981-2006. The survey reveals a broadbased increase in such flows as a share of low-income country GDP across major regions, countries with differing commodity export composition, and countries with differing debt relief status. The increase in inflows is dominated by an increase in private sector inflows, mostly in the form of private transfers and foreign direct investment. Official sector inflows have remained comparatively constant as a share of low-income country GDP and even declined in the most recent years. The paper concludes with some tentative policy conclusions and has a discussion of data issues in the annexes.
International Monetary Fund

The policies in a challenging political and economic environment are discussed in this study. The importance of reforms to enhance the budget process, tax administration, and expenditure control is encouraged. A higher growth path will require far-reaching structural reforms to bolster Comoros's competitiveness and increase the economy’s ability to intermediate remittances and aid inflows. The need to improve the business environment and the management of public utilities is explained in detail.

International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Abstract

The speeches made by officials attending the IMF–World Bank Annual Meetings are published in this volume, along with the press communiqués issued by the International Monetary and Financial Committee and the Development Committee at the conclusion of the meetings.

International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Comoros remains in debt distress, pending the achievement of the completion point under the Highly Indebted Poor Country (HIPC) Initiative. The outlook for 2012 is broadly consistent with expectations under the Extended Credit Facility (ECF) arrangement. The IMF Executive Board has approved a three-year ECF arrangement to support Comoros’ medium-term economic recovery efforts. The government has continued pursuing a prudent external debt management policy. Achievement of the government’s fiscal objectives requires close adherence to the fiscal program to enhance the efficiency of tax and customs administration and to expand the tax base.

International Monetary Fund

The Selected Issues paper for the Union of the Comoros describes an assessment of the external competitiveness. Comoros has been hard hit by negative terms-of-trade shocks that have weakened the external position. A trend decline in the world price of vanilla, its main export, has occurred parallel to unprecedented increases in international food and petroleum prices. Although export growth has slackened, imports have steadily grown driven by a surge in remittances and a steady real appreciation of the euro-pegged national currency.

International Monetary Fund

The policies in a challenging political and economic environment are discussed in this study. The importance of reforms to enhance the budget process, tax administration, and expenditure control is encouraged. A higher growth path will require far-reaching structural reforms to bolster Comoros's competitiveness and increase the economy’s ability to intermediate remittances and aid inflows. The need to improve the business environment and the management of public utilities is explained in detail.

International Monetary Fund

Recent developments in the Comoros point to slow, uneven, yet significant progress in political normalization. Overall performance under the Extended Credit Facility-supported program has been broadly satisfactory. The government understands the need to continue fiscal consolidation in support of macroeconomic objectives, targeting a reduction of the domestic primary deficit. In the structural area, program focus will be on public finance management and key sectors critical to improved growth performance. Debt relief is crucial to securing medium-term external debt sustainability and for success of the program.