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International Monetary Fund


The Brazilian government has been implementing several measures to improve the conduct of public debt management. This document provides an overview of the main guidelines currently followed by Brazilian public debt officials, drawing comparisons to those proposed by the IMF and the World Bank in their joint report, Guidelines for Public Debt Management.

Mr. V. Sundararajan


The coordination of policy objectives, instruments, and institutional and operational arrangements of public debt and monetary management assumes particular significance in the process of financial sector reform and stabilization of economies in transition.1 In market economies, such coordination can be achieved through either (1) the sharing of common objectives and pursuit of joint actions to achieve those objectives or (2) the work of market forces in cases where there is strict institutional separation of objectives, functions, and instruments. In the latter case, coordination is achieved with the central bank exercising operational autonomy in designing and implementing monetary policy, and the monetary and fiscal authorities operating in different segments of well-developed financial markets, supported by a separation of debt and monetary instruments. In either case, arrangements exist for the sharing of needed information and of responsibilities to support the day-to-day execution of monetary and debt policy and the effective pursuit of stabilization goals.

Mr. Jose M Cartas and Mrs. Qi He


1.1 The Handbook on Securities Statistics (the Handbook) is the first publication of its kind to deal exclusively with the presentation of securities statistics. The objective of the Handbook is to improve information on securities markets. It develops a conceptual framework for presenting statistics on different types of securities. The methodology is based on the System of National Accounts 2008 (2008 SNA) and the sixth edition of the Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6).

Mr. Eduardo Valdivia-Velarde and Ms. Tamara Razin


1.1 The Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Compilation Guide (Guide) is a companion document to the sixth edition of the Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6) published by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in 2009. The Guide updates the Balance of Payments Compilation Guide released in 1995. The BPM6 addresses important developments that have occurred in the international economy since the BPM5, including those that have emerged from globalization, increased elaboration of balance sheet issues, and changing patterns of financial intermediation. The purpose of the Guide is to show how the conceptual framework described in the BPM6 may be implemented in practice. Key elements of the framework are described in paragraphs 11–24 of this chapter. The Guide is not intended to be a “stand-alone” manual; users of the Guide should be familiar with the BPM6.