International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department
The Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions (AREAER) has been published by the IMF since 1950. It is a unique publication based on a database maintained by the IMF that tracks exchange arrangements and foreign exchange systems for all member countries on an annual basis and also provides historical information on these. The introduction to the volume provides a summary of recent global trends and developments in the areas covered by the publication. Individual country chapters report exchange measures in place, the structure and setting of the exchange rate, arrangements for payments and receipts, procedures for resident and nonresident accounts, mechanisms for import and export payments and receipts, controls on capital transactions, and provisions specific to the financial sector. A separate section in each chapter lists changes made during 2005 and the first part of 2006. The AREAER draws on information made available to the IMF from a number of sources, including during official staff visits to member countries, and has been prepared in close consultation with national authorities. The information is presented in a tabular format.
1. Pursuant to Decision No. 7157-(82/93), adopted July 7, 1982, the Fund has reviewed the provisions of the extended Fund facility further, together with a review of the Fund’s stand-by arrangements, and decides that the provisions of the extended Fund facility remain appropriate in present circumstances.
Pursuant to Article VII, Section 1 of the Articles of Agreement, the Managing Director is authorized to send to the Minister of Finance of Saudi Arabia a letter proposing a borrowing agreement with Saudi Arabia, as set forth in the attachment to EBS/83/89. When a reply is received from the Minister accepting the proposal, the Managing Director’s letter and the reply shall constitute an agreement between Saudi Arabia and the Fund, which shall enter into force on the date on which the revised and enlarged General Arrangements to Borrow authorized by Decision No. 7337-(83/37) become effective.
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
This paper focuses on currency convertibility and the exchange rate system. The paper explains some of the factors involved in extending the freedom of currency convertibility, one of the IMF’s principal policy aims. It highlights that the IMF’s Articles of Agreement make the distinction between currency convertibility for residents and for nonresidents, but make it an obligation in principle to avoid restrictions on current payments of both categories. The paper also discusses management in developing countries as well as the link between growth and structural change.
1. Subsidy payments shall be made to the beneficiaries listed in Table 2 of EBS/83/94, on the average daily balances of the Fund’s holdings of each member’s currency subject to charges that were outstanding under the 1975 oil facility (Executive Board Decision No. 4634-(75/47), as amended), and eligible for subsidy for the period from May 1, 1982 to May 11, 1983, at the rate of 5 percent per annum.
This paper discusses the Republic of Serbia’s Third Review Under the Policy Coordination Instrument (PCI). Serbia is the second IMF member country to request a PCI and aims to maintain macroeconomic and financial stability, while advancing an ambitious reform agenda to foster rapid growth, job creation and improved living standards. All quantitative targets (QTs) for end-September 2019 were met. Most reform targets (RTs) have been implemented. The IMF Staff recommends completion of the third review under the Policy Coordination Instrument and establishment of end-September 2020 QTs. Fiscal policy is on track so far, however, it will be important to closely monitor 2019 budget implementation to ensure that the deficit stays within the program ceiling. While progress has been made in reforming the tax administration and strengthening public investment management frameworks, delayed reforms of the public wage system and public employment framework need to advance in 2020.
This paper discusses Serbia’s Sixth Review Under the Stand-by Arrangement and Modification of the Arrangement Review Schedule. The program remains on track, and the economy continues to strengthen. Significant fiscal overperformance and renewed efforts to address structural weaknesses have helped boost confidence. This, along with a healthy credit recovery on the back of substantial monetary policy easing, has helped restore robust growth, while persistently low inflation has reinforced recovery in real incomes. Public debt has started to decline. The IMF staff supports the authorities’ request for the completion of the sixth review under the Stand-by Arrangement and a shift to semiannual review.