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International Monetary Fund

Abstract

This accompanying document to the Guidelines for Public Debt Management, which the IMF and the World Bank co-published in 2001, contains sample case studies that illustrate how a range of countries from around the world and at different stages of economic and financial development are developing their debt management capacity in a manner consistent with the guidelines. The experience of these countries is discussed in this publication, and should offer some useful and practical suggestions to other countries, as they strive to build their own capacity in public debt management.

International Monetary Fund
Jamaica faced intense macroeconomic imbalances that threatened its macroeconomic stability. Executive Directors emphasized the need for credible policy actions and strong fiscal adjustment to reduce imbalances and lower vulnerability. They welcomed the strong fiscal adjustment in the budget and encouraged the Bank of Jamaica to reorient monetary policy. They stressed the need for a policy mix that would restore macroeconomic stability, achieve higher growth, lower external imbalances, and emphasized for anti-crime measures, infrastructure building, and sector-specific policies to promote growth.
International Monetary Fund
Jamaica has been stuck in a cycle of low growth and high debt dynamics. It has been severely impacted by the global economic slowdown, and finances have deteriorated. Jamaica’s objective of virtually eliminating the overall public sector deficit is appropriate. Embedding the medium-term fiscal consolidation effort in a comprehensive set of fiscal structural reforms is the key. Strengthening regulatory and supervisory frameworks along with legislative and structural reforms will reduce systemic risks to the financial system. The proposed program carries risks but these risks are manageable.
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
On June 7, IMF Managing Director Horst Köhler announced the appointments of the new First Deputy Managing Director and three department heads. The full text of IMF Press Release No. 01/27 is available on the IMF’s website (www.imf.org).
Mr. Tamon Asonuma, Mr. Michael G. Papaioannou, Eriko Togo, and Mr. Bert van Selm
This paper examines the causes, processes, and outcomes of Belize’s 2016–17 sovereign debt restructuring—its third episode in last 10 years. As was the case in the earlier two restructurings, in 2006–07 and in 2012–13, the 2016–17 debt restructuring was executed through collaborative engagement with creditors outside an IMF-supported program. While providing liquidity relief and partially addressing long-term debt sustainability concerns, the restructuring will need to be underpinned by ambitious fiscal consolidation and growth-enhancing structural reforms to secure durable gains.
International Monetary Fund

This Selected Issues paper analyzes Jamaica’s experience of low growth despite consistently high investment rates. It suggests that the link between public debt and productivity is part of the answer to the puzzle. The paper considers Jamaica’s debt management strategy and its optimal debt structure. It also reviews the institutional framework for debt management in Jamaica, and presents a newly constructed dataset that documents Jamaica’s notable market access to long-maturity, fixed interest rate, and domestic currency bond placements.

International Monetary Fund
As a follow-up to the Executive Board's May 2013 discussion, this paper considers a possible direction for reform of the Fund's lending framework in the context of sovereign debt vulnerabilities. The primary focus of this paper relates to the Fund's exceptional access framework, since it is in this context that the Fund will most likely have to make the difficult judgment as to whether the member's problems can be resolved with or without a debt restructuring. The objective of the preliminary approaches set forth in this paper is to reduce the costs of crisis resolution for both creditors and debtors—relative to the alternatives—thereby benefitting the overall system. These ideas are market-based and their eventual implementation would require meaningful consultation with creditors.
International Monetary Fund

Jamaica faced intense macroeconomic imbalances that threatened its macroeconomic stability. Executive Directors emphasized the need for credible policy actions and strong fiscal adjustment to reduce imbalances and lower vulnerability. They welcomed the strong fiscal adjustment in the budget and encouraged the Bank of Jamaica to reorient monetary policy. They stressed the need for a policy mix that would restore macroeconomic stability, achieve higher growth, lower external imbalances, and emphasized for anti-crime measures, infrastructure building, and sector-specific policies to promote growth.