Mr. Rabah Arezki, Bertrand Candelon, and Amadou N.R. Sy
This issue of F&D looks at the growing role of emerging markets. Analysis by the IMF's Ayhan Kose and Eswar Prasad, professor of trade policy at Cornell University, argues that their economic ascendance will enable emerging markets such as Brazil, China, India, and Russia to play a more significant part in global economic governance and take on more responsibility for economic and financial stability. And Vivek Arora and Athanasios Vamvakidis measure how China's economy is increasingly affecting the rest of the world not just its neighbors and main trading partners. In addition, F&D examines a variety of topics that are particularly relevant as the world struggles to shake off the crisis. Alan Blinder and Mark Zandi look at the positive effects of stimulus in the United States. Without it, they say, the United States would still be in recession. IMF researchers look at how countries can get debt under control, and what happens when government debt is downgraded. Other articles examine the human costs of unemployment, how inequality can lead over time to financial crisis, and what changes in the way banks do business could mean for the financial system. Two articles look at Islamic banking, which was put to the test during the global crisis and proved its mettle, and in Faces of the Crisis Revisited, we continue to track how the recession affected several individuals around the world. This issue of F&D profiles Princeton economic theorist Avinash Dixit in the regular People in Economics feature, and Back to Basics looks at externalities.
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
This paper analyzes economic implications of high rates of population growth in the world. The paper highlights that today, the world population is growing at a rate that is 30 times as high as the average rate of growth between the first century A.D. and 1650. In less developed countries, this rate is 40 times as high. In discussing the advantages that economic development derives when human fertility is reduced, the paper shows that while some commonly held beliefs about these are correct, others are out of touch with modern expert thinking.
This paper examines the Financial System Stability Assessment on Jersey. Most banks in Jersey are branches or subsidiaries of large international groups, to which they provide financing. This close relationship reduces risk in normal times, given the groups’ ability to support their Jersey operations. The Jersey Financial Services Commission has significantly reformed the regulatory framework of funds, mainly to make Jersey funds more attractive to institutional investors. A key challenge in insurance supervision is to maintain effective and proportionate regulation of a small sector with limited insurance risk.
Jersey’s macroeconomic performance is generally satisfactory. Unemployment is low, and the trend growth rate and inflation have been satisfactorily examined. A Detailed Assessment of the Observance of the Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision Report on Jersey was also done. The legal system, which is broadly based on common law with French and Norman elements, is highly developed. The authorities have substantially adequate powers to direct, intervene in, and close a troubled financial institution.
Jersey has put in place a comprehensive and robust Antimoney Laundering/Combating the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) legal framework with a high level of compliance with almost all aspects of the Financial Action Task Force recommendations. The paper discusses a Detailed Assessment of Observance of AML/CFT report on Jersey. Both money laundering and financing of terrorism are criminalized largely in line with the international standard, and Jersey has implemented the provisions effectively.
In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discussions with government officials, is published at the option of the member country.
Guernsey is a leading international insurance center in Europe. Its economy purely depends on the performance of the financial sector. As per the 2003 assessment under the Offshore Financial Center (OFC) program, it is found that the Guernsey Financial Services Commission (GFSC)’s powers have been strengthened in recent years and many recommendations of the 2003 Financial Sector Assessment Program (FSAP) have been implemented. The GFSC has developed a strategy for addressing banks' financial stability risks, but strong policy measures will be essential to deal with the potential vulnerabilities and challenges ahead.