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Mr. Sanjeev Gupta, Mr. Benedict J. Clements, Ms. Rina Bhattacharya, and Shamit Chakravarti

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly magazine brings you in-depth analyses of these and other subjects by the IMF’s own staff as well as by prominent international experts. Articles are written for lay readers who want to enrich their understanding of the workings of the global economy and the policies and activities of the IMF.

International Monetary Fund
This report assesses Observance of Standards and Codes on Financial Action Task Force (FATF) Recommendations for Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) for Israel. Israel has made significant progress in strengthening its regime for AML/CFT since 2000. Overall, a comprehensive legal and institutional framework for AML/CFT is now in place, and Israel complies well with the FATF 40+8 Recommendations. The assessment, nevertheless, identified a number of areas where the regime for AML/CFT could be strengthened, including the need to ensure more consistency among the relevant supervisory authorities in addressing AML/CFT problems.
Mr. Serhan Cevik and John Ricco
This paper provides an empirical analysis of how the frequency and severity of terrorism affect government revenue and expenditure during the period 1970–2013 using a panel dataset on 153 countries. We find that terrorism has only a marginal negative effect on tax revenue performance, after controlling for economic and institutional factors. This effect is also not robust to alternative specifications and empirical strategies. On the other hand, we find strong evidence that terrorism is associated with an increase in military spending as a percent of GDP (and a share of total government expenditure). Our estimations reveal that this impact is greater when terrorist attacks are frequent and result in a large number of fatalities. Empirical findings also support the view that public finances in developing and low-income countries are more vulnerable to terrorism than those in countries that are richer and diversified.
International Monetary Fund

This report assesses Observance of Standards and Codes on Financial Action Task Force (FATF) Recommendations for Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) for Israel. Israel has made significant progress in strengthening its regime for AML/CFT since 2000. Overall, a comprehensive legal and institutional framework for AML/CFT is now in place, and Israel complies well with the FATF 40+8 Recommendations. The assessment, nevertheless, identified a number of areas where the regime for AML/CFT could be strengthened, including the need to ensure more consistency among the relevant supervisory authorities in addressing AML/CFT problems.

International Monetary Fund

This Selected Issues paper analyzes the empirical relationship between corporate leverage—and other indicators of financial health—and investment in Israel, using dynamic panel data techniques. The results suggest that weak balance sheets may well have contributed to the investment decline of recent years. The impact of financial variables on investment is more pronounced for firms under financial pressure. However, there is little evidence that weak balance sheets’ impact on corporate investment increases during real downturns or following an equity market bust.