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International Monetary Fund

Burundi showed commendable performance owing to its prudent macroeconomic policies and ambitious structural reforms under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF). Executive Directors appreciated its macroeconomic stability, strong fiscal discipline, and prudent monetary policies in support of low inflation objectives. They emphasized the need to reduce poverty, sustain macroeconomic stability, and strengthen implementation of structural reforms in reaching the MDGs. They appreciated the efforts taken to deepen implementation of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP), which offers a framework for the diversification of growth and exports, the improvement of public finance management, and the integration of the regional and global economy.

International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

KEY ISSUESContext: Over the last two decades, good governance and sound macroeconomic management have delivered remarkable economic and social progress to Cabo Verde. More recently, however, growth has slowed due to the prolonged downturn in Europe and a sharp deterioration in domestic confidence. A longer-term decline in the contribution of total factor productivity to growth may also have played a role. Financial stability risks have increased with the rise in non-performing loans and fall in bank profitability. The country remains vulnerable to external shocks, given its dependence on tourism, remittances, and concessional financing. Over the longer term, Cabo Verde�s challenge as a new middle-income country is to bolster productivity and diversify the sources of growth.Fiscal consolidation remains critical to safeguard macroeconomic and debt sustainability. Budgetary plans for 2014 and the medium term entail rising public debt, and are subject to downside risks to revenue. The authorities have already decided on a package of expenditure containment measures for 2014�17. However, given the high albeit sustainable level of public debt, further measures are needed to put public debt on a more robust downward path. Bolstering domestic revenue mobilization, increasing the efficiency of public investment, and managing existing infrastructure better are also central to sound public finances.International reserves have recovered, which provided room to ease monetary policy in support of the recovery. In the absence of imminent pressures on the balance of payments or on prices, and with private sector credit growth having stalled, the central bank has cut the policy rate. At the same time, given pressures on the banking system, continued vigilance regarding risks to financial stability is warranted.Structural reforms hold the key to bolstering competitiveness, creating jobs, and delivering inclusive growth. Increasing labor market efficiency and reducing skill mismatches would be particularly beneficial in this regard. Enhancing the efficiency of state-owned enterprises is also essential to improve delivery of infrastructure services.Data are adequate for surveillance purposes, though some key shortcomings remain. In particular, national accounts data are released with a long delay.This complicates the formulation of macroeconomic policies.

International Monetary Fund

Cape Verde showed strong economic performance owing to its strong policies and macroeconomic stability under the Policy Support Instrument (PSI). Executive Directors appreciated the authorities' plan to consolidate macroeconomic stability, improve public sector financial management and tax administration, and strengthen regulation and supervision of the financial sector while reducing fiscal risks. They applauded the Bank of Cape Verde's (BCV) role in strengthening its framework for regulation and supervision. They stressed the need to strengthen the energy sector to enhance growth and poverty reduction. They welcomed the framework to combat money-laundering and financing of terrorism.

International Monetary Fund

The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia’s 2007 Article IV Consultation reports on the macroeconomic imbalances and on maintaining medium-term macroeconomic stability while fostering growth potential. Although agriculture continues to be the mainstay of the economy, the expansion has been broad-based, with manufacturing, construction, and services making significant contributions. Expansion of domestic credit has continued to be brisk, reflecting a pickup in private sector economic activity and increasingly negative real interest rates. A critical challenge for Ethiopia is to strike a judicious balance between demand-dampening measures and growth-enhancing structural reforms.

International Monetary Fund

This paper discusses key findings of the First Review Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF). Overall performance under the program has been strong. All but one of the quantitative performance criteria and indicative targets were met. Fiscal performance has been impressive, reflecting higher-than-projected revenues and strengthened expenditure control. However, two structural performance criteria were not observed. The medium-term macroeconomic framework underlying the program has been modified slightly. Maintaining fiscal discipline remains key to lowering domestic public debt and protecting poverty-reducing expenditures.

International Monetary Fund

The Czech Republic’s strong fundamentals helped to sustain economic growth with low unemployment and underpin strides toward convergence with EU-15. Executive Directors welcomed the euro accession strategy and the sustained implementation of the Maastricht criteria, which would provide a solid foundation for euro adoption. They commended the sound financial system and prudent monetary policies and supported policy tightening to counter rising inflation pressures. Directors highlighted the need to sustain fiscal consolidation, promote labor participation, and lower structural unemployment in alleviating fiscal adjustment.

International Monetary Fund
Afghanistan has made important achievements in recent years. The 2011 Article IV Consultation highlights that authorities have taken steps to lay the foundation for economic stability and growth, despite a very difficult security situation and the challenges associated with building political and economic institutions. Directors agreed that the Extended Credit Facility (ECF)-supported program, accompanied by a technical assistance agenda, provides an appropriate framework for addressing the considerable challenges lying ahead and a basis for continued engagement with the donor community.
International Monetary Fund
This paper discusses an assessment of Comoros’s performance Under the Program Supported by the Emergency Post-Conflict Assistance (EPCA). Overall performance under the EPCA-supported program has been broadly satisfactory. Nearly all EPCA performance indicators for end-March 2009 were observed. Revenue collection was stronger than anticipated. On the spending side, recent measures to improve expenditure management are gradually restoring order in spending operations, although continued difficulties have been experienced in managing the wage bill. All but one of the structural indicators were met.
International Monetary Fund
The staff report for the 2007 Article IV Consultation on Bangladesh highlights recent developments and policy discussions. Bangladesh’s growth outlook and external position remain robust, but inflation has picked up. Overall macroeconomic stability has been maintained, but fiscal performance continues to suffer from structural weaknesses. Executive Directors welcomed the planned reforms in the area of public financial management and the adoption by major ministries of the medium-term budget framework. They supported the recent reforms to promote transparency, fair elections, and the prevention of money laundering.
International Monetary Fund
Afghanistan has made substantial progress toward macroeconomic stability, but structural reforms need to be accelerated. The uncertainty affecting the fiscal outlook warrants a prudent expenditure policy. Monetary policy has been instrumental in reducing inflation and safeguarding external stability, but it needs to be strengthened. The government should resist pressures for expanding its role in the economy and focus on fostering competition and improving economic governance. The current exchange rate level appears in line with fundamentals. The government should increase its efforts to improve Afghanistan’s statistical database.