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Mr. David Robinson, Mr. Paul Cashin, and Ms. Ratna Sahay

Abstract

This book sets out the economic challenges facing the island nations of the Caribbean and presents policy options to ameliorate external shocks and embark firmly on a sustained growth path. While the countries of the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union that are the focus of the book have enjoyed a sustained period of price and exchange rate stability, they have been buffeted in recent years by adverse shocks, including the erosion of trade preferences, declines in official foreign assistance, and frequent natural disasters. Strengthening their growth performance will require design of a multifaceted strategy that integrates the Caribbean with the global economy, facilitates an economic transformation from agriculture to tourism, fosters greater regional cooperation, and preserves macroeconomic stability. This volume examines the critical issues that are part of that process, including fiscal and financial sector policy, management of external flows, trade integration and tourism, macroeconomic cycles and volatility, and the economic implications of natural disasters.

International Monetary Fund

This Selected Issues paper on the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union (ECCU) underlies key features of business cycles. To obtain new measures of classical and growth cycles, simple rules were applied to date turning points in the classical business cycle, and a recently developed frequency domain filter was used to estimate the growth cycle. At the regional level, the ECCU countries are facing two shocks, i.e., the depreciation of the U.S. dollar and the depreciation of the Dominican Republic’s peso. The countries of the ECCU have experienced modest erosion in their price and nonprice competitiveness.

International Monetary Fund

This Selected Issues paper analyzes the competitive threats to the tourism sector in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union (ECCU). The paper concludes that the ECCU countries have lost competitiveness globally and vis-à-vis newly emergent Caribbean tourist destinations as a result of both price and nonprice factors. The short-term measures implemented by the countries seem to have been insufficient to prevent further declines in 2002. The paper also describes strengthening fiscal discipline through fiscal benchmarks.

International Monetary Fund

This Selected Issues paper on the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union (ECCU) underlies key features of business cycles. To obtain new measures of classical and growth cycles, simple rules were applied to date turning points in the classical business cycle, and a recently developed frequency domain filter was used to estimate the growth cycle. At the regional level, the ECCU countries are facing two shocks, i.e., the depreciation of the U.S. dollar and the depreciation of the Dominican Republic’s peso. The countries of the ECCU have experienced modest erosion in their price and nonprice competitiveness.

International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Grenada

International Monetary Fund

This paper discusses key findings of the Third Review under the three-year arrangement for Grenada. All end-2008 quantitative targets were met. Meeting structural benchmarks on submitting investment legislation and a new Excise Bill and on completing a Country Poverty Assessment has been delayed owing to the time required to consult stakeholders, to finalize the list of excisable goods, and to complete the technical work and drafting, respectively. The performance criterion on initiating reorganization or liquidation of Capital Bank was met in November 2008.

International Monetary Fund

This paper discusses key findings of the Fifth Review Under the Extended Credit Facility (ECF) for Grenada. Four of the six quantitative performance criteria for end-November 2009 were met. The primary balance, excluding the grants target, was missed by 3.3 percent of GDP owing to higher-than-expected expenditures related to donor-financed capital projects and overruns on current spending associated with a sharp rise in unpaid invoices less than 60 days old. The authorities are requesting waivers for the missed performance criteria based on their implementation of corrective measures.

International Monetary Fund

This paper presents key findings of the Second Review for Grenada under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF). Grenada’s economic outlook has deteriorated somewhat, mainly reflecting the global financial turmoil and slowing global growth. Financial turmoil and the global economic slowdown are expected to slow tourism demand, FDI, and remittances, and could also negatively affect grants from some donors. The authorities are moving forward with a policy framework that provides for needed fiscal consolidation, addresses financial sector vulnerabilities, and reinvigorates the structural agenda.

International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Sixth review Under the Extended Credit Facility Arrangement and Financing Assurances Review-Press Release; and Staff Report

International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

This 2014 Article IV Consultation highlights that Grenada’s economy continues to face significant headwinds after a decade of natural disasters and economic shocks coalesced into a deep economic crisis by 2011–2012. Economic activity declined by more than 8 percent of GDP from peak to trough (2008–2012) as tourism and construction collapsed. After almost four years of decline, real GDP grew by 1.5 percent in 2013. To address the fiscal crisis, the authorities have initiated fiscal adjustment as part of their 2014 budget, and have subsequently approved a large package of revenue measures needed for the targeted consolidation.