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International Monetary Fund

In 1994–98, Algeria was successful in restoring macroeconomic stability and implementing structural reforms. The fiscal position deteriorated in the first part of 1999, owing to low oil prices. Executive Directors supported the reform program introduced in early 2000, and welcomed its emphasis on accelerating reform of the banking and public sector companies but stressed the need for detailed implementation plans. The economic environment should be improved to promote private economic activity, including domestic and foreign investment. The authorities are urged to accelerate trade liberalization.

International Monetary Fund

This Selected Issues paper on Algeria reports that the authorities have relied on an expansionary fiscal stance to stimulate growth and employment, but structural reforms have virtually stalled. Although the economy has recorded increasing growth, the nonhydrocarbon sector remains small and unemployment pervasive. The current political stability and a strong financial position provide a favorable framework for taking decisive steps to strengthen private sector activities and to complete the transition to a market economy.

International Monetary Fund

This Selected Issues paper for Algeria analyzes the potential economic impact of Algeria’s Association Agreement with the European Union (AAEU). The paper lays out the major elements of Algeria’s AAEU and makes a comparison with other AAEUs. It discusses the potential economic implications (costs and benefits) of the agreement, and elaborates economic policy issues and challenges. The paper also takes stock of Algeria’s business climate as the authorities consider the use of the fiscal space created by higher hydrocarbon revenues to tackle Algeria’s jobs challenge.

International Monetary Fund

This paper analyzes Algeria’s unemployment and labor market developments and assesses the factors that may hamper employment creation. It estimates employment-to-GDP elasticity for Algeria’s main sectors and different age groups, and assesses the effect of improvements in Algeria’s labor market flexibility on unemployment outcomes. The results on the relation between labor market institutions and unemployment show that improvement in labor market conditions in Algeria could have a significant effect in reducing unemployment both in the short and medium term.

Reda Cherif, Fuad Hasanov, and Min Zhu


The “Gulf Falcons”—the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council—have high living standards as a result of large income flows from oil. The decline of oil prices between summer 2014 and fall 2015 underscores the urgency for the Gulf Falcons to diversify away from their current heavy reliance on oil exports. This book discusses attempts at diversification in the Middle East and North Africa and the complex choices policymakers face. It brings together the views of academics and policymakers to offer practical advice for future efforts to increase productivity growth.

Mr. Martin Sommer, Mr. Allan G Auclair, Mr. Armand Fouejieu, Ms. Inutu Lukonga, Mr. Saad N Quayyum, Amir Sadeghi, Mr. Gazi H Shbaikat, Mr. Andrew J Tiffin, and Mr. Bruno Versailles
This paper discusses the challenges posed by low oil prices in the MENA and CCA regions, the adjustment policies adopted so far, and remaining adjustment needs and future risks.
Philippe Bourcier and Mohsen Shirazi

Many developing countries could use natural gas to reduce oil imports or allow larger oil exports. What are the economic, institutional, and contractual issues that need attention?

Vittorio Masoni and Joris J. C. Voorhoeve

With the growing emphasis on cooperation between developed and developing countries, the European Economic Community, a major shareholder of world trade, has emerged as an important donor of new forms of multilateral assistance. This article outlines the Community’s cooperative effort and analyzes its approach toward the Third World.

International Monetary Fund
Owing to the implementation of IMF-supported programs in 1994–98, Algeria’s macroeconomy has improved. In 1999, there was an upward trend in the agricultural sector. The hydrocarbon sector represents the main source of foreign exchange earnings. Revenue developments are particularly sensitive to changes in the world oil prices and exchange rate fluctuations. The monetary policy framework used by the monetary authority could be more explicit. Finally, a low level of inflation in the medium term has been attained. Algeria's tariffs ranges between 5 and 45 percent.
International Monetary Fund
In this study, the following are represented in the form of tabulation: basic economic and financial indicators, supply and usage of resources, sectoral distribution of GDP, production, exports, and consumption of liquid petroleum products, domestic prices of major energy products, agricultural and land use patterns, crop yields, indices of industrial production, production of minerals, housing supply, consumer index, household supply, central government revenue, expenditure, and monetary survey, hydrocarbon exports, and trade indices. They are listed based on statistical information.