Djibouti’s 2007 Article IV Consultation focuses on the medium-term growth prospects and policies necessary to ensure that growth is broad based and accompanied by sufficient employment creation. Real GDP growth is estimated at 4.8 percent in 2006, driven by fiscal expansion, and a sizable private investment in the port and construction sectors. Consumer price inflation has increased slightly from 3.1 percent on average in 2005 to 3.6 percent in 2006, reflecting mainly increases in the prices of food, housing, water, and electricity.
Among the most difficult problems faced by developing countries is that of balancing a budget which is swollen by the cost of development. This problem is enhanced both by the slowness with which revenues grow, and by technical difficulties in controlling expenditures. The Fund is alive to the importance of the problem and is now able to offer help to its members in this field.
International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.
This 2014 Article IV Consultation highlights that Djibouti is undergoing an investment boom that would accelerate economic growth. Aggregate investment is projected to rise from 26 percent of GDP in 2010–13 to 52 percent in 2014–16. GDP growth is expected to rise from 6 percent in 2014 to about 7 percent in 2015–19. Inflation is projected to pick up from 3 percent in 2014 to 3.3 percent in 2015–19 as the large investment spending fuels demand for housing and basic services. Central bank gross foreign assets are projected to remain strong, permitting full currency board coverage over the period 2015–19.
An important challenge for Djibouti is to implement a comprehensive strategy to promote private investment and job creation to reduce poverty. The medium-term macroeconomic outlook is dominated by the authorities' plan to launch a public investment program along with the planned construction of a new deep water seaport. The authorities have improved the expenditure control and monitored the framework, but could further enhance the transparency of public finance. Although Djibouti improved its macroeconomic database in recent years, its statistical system continues to fail owing to changes in quality, frequency, and dissemination.