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International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

KEY ISSUESContext: Over the last two decades, good governance and sound macroeconomic management have delivered remarkable economic and social progress to Cabo Verde. More recently, however, growth has slowed due to the prolonged downturn in Europe and a sharp deterioration in domestic confidence. A longer-term decline in the contribution of total factor productivity to growth may also have played a role. Financial stability risks have increased with the rise in non-performing loans and fall in bank profitability. The country remains vulnerable to external shocks, given its dependence on tourism, remittances, and concessional financing. Over the longer term, Cabo Verde�s challenge as a new middle-income country is to bolster productivity and diversify the sources of growth.Fiscal consolidation remains critical to safeguard macroeconomic and debt sustainability. Budgetary plans for 2014 and the medium term entail rising public debt, and are subject to downside risks to revenue. The authorities have already decided on a package of expenditure containment measures for 2014�17. However, given the high albeit sustainable level of public debt, further measures are needed to put public debt on a more robust downward path. Bolstering domestic revenue mobilization, increasing the efficiency of public investment, and managing existing infrastructure better are also central to sound public finances.International reserves have recovered, which provided room to ease monetary policy in support of the recovery. In the absence of imminent pressures on the balance of payments or on prices, and with private sector credit growth having stalled, the central bank has cut the policy rate. At the same time, given pressures on the banking system, continued vigilance regarding risks to financial stability is warranted.Structural reforms hold the key to bolstering competitiveness, creating jobs, and delivering inclusive growth. Increasing labor market efficiency and reducing skill mismatches would be particularly beneficial in this regard. Enhancing the efficiency of state-owned enterprises is also essential to improve delivery of infrastructure services.Data are adequate for surveillance purposes, though some key shortcomings remain. In particular, national accounts data are released with a long delay.This complicates the formulation of macroeconomic policies.

International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Staff Report for the 2019 Article IV Consultation and Request for an Eighteen-Month Policy Coordination Instrument-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Cabo Verde

International Monetary Fund

This paper presents key findings of the Fifth Review under the Policy Support Instrument for Cape Verde. All quantitative assessment criteria for end-June 2008 were met. GDP growth remains generally resilient, and inflation pressures have been contained. Progress on structural measures has been steady despite delays on many measures. The authorities have scope to manage the external shocks because over the last few years, they have made faster-than-planned progress in both increasing international reserves and reducing domestic debt.

International Monetary Fund

This paper discusses key findings of the Sixth Review under the Policy Support Instrument (PSI) for Cape Verde. Policy implementation under the PSI-supported program continues to be strong; all PSIs quantitative targets except for one at end-December 2008 were met. In 2009, real GDP growth is expected to decelerate as external demand and private sector growth weakens. IMF staff recommends completion of the sixth PSI review and granting of the waiver on the nonobservance of the assessment criterion on net domestic assets of the Bank of Cape Verde.

International Monetary Fund

Over the last several years, Cape Verde has achieved a major economic transformation that is a tribute to its sound homegrown economic reform program. This 2008 Article IV Consultation highlights that real per capita GDP in Cape Verde has increased on average by more than 7 percent a year since 2001, faster than most small island economies and the average for sub-Saharan Africa. Policy implementation under the Policy Support Instrument (PSI) is also strong. All PSI quantitative assessment criteria for end-December 2007 were met with wide margins.

International Monetary Fund

Cape Verde showed strong economic performance owing to its strong policies and macroeconomic stability under the Policy Support Instrument (PSI). Executive Directors appreciated the authorities' plan to consolidate macroeconomic stability, improve public sector financial management and tax administration, and strengthen regulation and supervision of the financial sector while reducing fiscal risks. They applauded the Bank of Cape Verde's (BCV) role in strengthening its framework for regulation and supervision. They stressed the need to strengthen the energy sector to enhance growth and poverty reduction. They welcomed the framework to combat money-laundering and financing of terrorism.

International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights that the economic growth of Cabo Verde in 2015 stagnated at 1.5 percent, slightly below the 1.9 percent registered in 2014. Tourism recovered and remittances remained robust, but foreign direct investment (FDI) and public investment slowed. The unemployment rate declined to 12.4 percent, as did youth unemployment, which nevertheless remained high at 28.6 percent. Consumer price inflation remained muted owing to lower food and energy prices, averaging 0.1 percent for 2015. In 2016, growth is forecast to recover to 3.2 percent supported by FDI, domestic demand, agriculture, and tourism, which should benefit from the mild upswing in Europe.

International Monetary Fund
This paper discusses a request from the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe for a three-year arrangement under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF). The economic outlook for 2009 is broadly favorable, but subject to significant risks. The program spans a period including major elections; the authorities’ ability to meet fiscal objectives and implement monetary policy will be key to the success of the program. IMF staff recommends approval of the new PRGF arrangement based on the country’s policy commitments.
International Monetary Fund
This paper presents key findings of the Fifth Review under the Policy Support Instrument for Cape Verde. All quantitative assessment criteria for end-June 2008 were met. GDP growth remains generally resilient, and inflation pressures have been contained. Progress on structural measures has been steady despite delays on many measures. The authorities have scope to manage the external shocks because over the last few years, they have made faster-than-planned progress in both increasing international reserves and reducing domestic debt.