Browse

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 15 items for :

  • Data Processing x
  • Macroeconomics: Consumption; Saving; Wealth x
Clear All
Mr. Nils O Maehle, Mr. Robert Dippelsman, and Mr. Adriaan M. Bloem

Abstract

1.1. Quarterly national accounts (QNA) constitute a system of integrated quarterly time series coordinated through an accounting framework. QNA adopt the same principles, definitions, and structure as the annual national accounts (ANA). In principle, QNA cover the entire sequence of accounts and balance sheets in the System of National Accounts 1993 (1993 SNA); in practice, the constraints of data availability, time, and resources mean that QNA are usually less complete than ANA. The coverage of the QNA system in a country usually evolves. In the initial stage of implementation, only estimates of gross domestic product (GDP) with a split by industry and/or type of expenditure may be derived. Gross national income (GNI), savings, and consolidated accounts for the nation can follow fairly soon. Extensions can be made as the use of the system becomes more established, resources become available, and users become more sophisticated; additional breakdowns of GDP, institutional sector accounts and balance sheets, and supply-use reconciliation may be added.1

Mr. Nils O Maehle, Mr. Robert Dippelsman, and Mr. Adriaan M. Bloem

Abstract

2.1. Strategic statistical and managerial issues have to be dealt with to facilitate a smooth and efficient operation of quarterly national accounts (QNA). These issues arise when QNA are being set up, and it could be useful to revisit them from time to time once the QNA are fully operational. The most important statistical issues to be considered are the relationship of the QNA to the annual national accounts (ANA), coverage of the QNA, assessment of quarterly source data, and statistical compilation processes. Important managerial aspects concern the release cycle, the timing of the compilation process, and organizing the staff involved in the compilation. In this chapter, both statistical and managerial issues are examined from a strategic perspective, without much detail (statistical issues will be discussed in more detail in later chapters).

Mr. Nils O Maehle, Mr. Robert Dippelsman, and Mr. Adriaan M. Bloem

Abstract

3.1. This chapter deals with the process of identification and assessment of quarterly data sources. Because circumstances differ, it is not possible to create a standard set of sources that can be applied in all countries. Rather, the approach taken in this chapter is to describe the alternatives that are used in quarterly national accounts (QNA) compilation in various countries and some of the considerations that need to be taken into account in choosing among them.

Mr. Nils O Maehle, Mr. Robert Dippelsman, and Mr. Adriaan M. Bloem

Abstract

4.1. The 1993 SNA presents a comprehensive set of related accounts that are of considerable analytical interest and were designed with a wide range of economic analyses in mind. The accounts can also help compilers identify inconsistencies and errors in the data. Just as compilers are urged to extend their annual data to a wider range of accounts, a quarterly national accounts (QNA) system should seek to cover more than GDP and its components.

Mr. Nils O Maehle, Mr. Robert Dippelsman, and Mr. Adriaan M. Bloem

Abstract

9.1. This chapter addresses a selected set of issues for constructing time series of price and volume measures that are of specific importance for the quarterly national accounts (QNA). In particular, it discusses the relationship between price and volume measures in the QNA and in the annual national accounts (ANA): namely, (1) how to aggregate price and volume measures over time; (2) how to choose the base period in the QNA; (3) the frequency of chain-linking; and (4) the techniques for annual chain-linking of quarterly data. In addition, the chapter addresses how to deal with nonadditivity and presentation of chain-linked volume measures in the QNA.

Mr. Nils O Maehle, Mr. Robert Dippelsman, and Mr. Adriaan M. Bloem

Abstract

Este Manual proporciona orientación a los compiladores de las cuentas nacionales sobre los conceptos, fuentes de datos y métodos de compilación necesarios para el desarrollo de un sistema de cuentas nacionales trimestrales. Cada vez son más los países que reconocen que las cuentas nacionales trimestrales son una herramienta esencial para la gestión y el análisis de su economía. El Manual está orientado especialmente a los compiladores que ya tienen conocimientos sobre los conceptos y metodología de las cuentas nacionales, y presenta técnicas para el desarrollo de una serie temporal consistente de cuentas anuales y trimestrales. Es un complemento del Sistema de Cuentas Nacionales 1993, que solo trata de manera limitada las cuentas trimestrales, y también resultará útil como herramienta para usuarios avanzados de cuentas nacionales trimestrales.

Mr. Nils O Maehle, Mr. Robert Dippelsman, and Mr. Adriaan M. Bloem

Abstract

Ce manuel fournit des orientations sur les concepts, les sources de données et les méthodes de compilation nécessaires pour l'établissement d'un système de comptes nationaux trimestriels. De plus en plus de pays reconnaissent que les comptes nationaux trimestriels constituent un outil essentiel de gestion et d'analyse économiques. Le manuel est destiné à des statisticiens possédant une connaissance générale des concepts et de la méthodologie des comptes nationaux, et présente des techniques d'élaboration de séries temporelles trimestrielles et annuelles cohérentes. Le manuel vise à compléter le Système de comptes nationaux 1993, lequel n'aborde que brièvement les comptes nationaux trimestriels, et sera également utile pour les utilisateurs chevronnés de ces comptes.

Mr. Nils O Maehle, Mr. Robert Dippelsman, and Mr. Adriaan M. Bloem

Abstract

This Manual provides guidance to compilers of national accounts on the concepts, data sources, and compilation methods required for development of a system of quarterly national accounts. More and more countries are recognizing that quarterly national accounts are an essential tool for management and analysis of their economy. The Manual is intended particularly for compilers who already have a knowledge of annual national accounting concepts and methods, and provides techniques for the development of a consistent time series of annual and quarterly accounts. It serves as acomplement to the System of National Accounts 1993, which has only a limited discussion of quarterly accounts, and will also prove useful as a tool for sophisticated users of quarterly national accounts.

Mr. Nils O Maehle, Mr. Robert Dippelsman, and Mr. Adriaan M. Bloem

Abstract

This Manual provides guidance to compilers of national accounts on the concepts, data sources, and compilation methods required for development of a system of quarterly national accounts. More and more countries are recognizing that quarterly national accounts are an essential tool for management and analysis of their economy. The Manualis intended particularly for compilers who already have a knowledge of annual national accounting concepts and methods, and provides techniques for the development of a consistent time series of annual and quarterly accounts. It serves as acomplement to the System of National Accounts 1993, which has only a limited discussion of quarterly accounts, and will also prove useful as a tool for sophisticated users of quarterly national accounts.

Mr. Nils O Maehle, Mr. Robert Dippelsman, and Mr. Adriaan M. Bloem

Abstract

5.1. Editing and reconciliation are essential stages of statistical production and are among the tasks in national accounts compilation that require the greatest skill. While other chapters deal with the sources of data and techniques, this chapter emphasizes reviewing and understanding the data. The process of reviewing and understanding data can be called “editing,” “checking,” or “data validation.” It should occur at all stages—before, during, and after—of the calculation of the estimates. “Reconciliation” or “confrontation” is a special kind of editing done after initial compilation, in which alternative data are checked in the context of national accounting relationships. Editing and reconciliation may involve fixing errors or adopting alternative sources and methods; these tasks should, however, never be an excuse for manipulating data without evidence or adjusting data to fit forecasts or for political reasons.