1.1 The importance of statistical information in the public arena is well established. Increasingly in the past decade, events and developments have propelled efforts to improve the quality of statistics. The financial crises of the 1990s increased attention to the timeliness and reliability of statistics. In addition, a heightened emphasis worldwide on good governance, transparency, and accountability underpinned the drive to improve data quality.
2.1 This case study broadly assesses the evolution of Cambodia’s official statistics and statistical capacity building, emphasizing the partnership between the Cambodian authorities and their TA partners, as well as the lessons learned.
3.1 Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) in 1996 emerged from a four-year war that had commenced only a month after the country had declared independence from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. The conflict left more than 200,000 people (about 5 percent of the population) dead, half the population displaced abroad and locally, and the civil infrastructure, including housing, severely damaged.
4.1 Four months after the signing of the Dayton Peace Accord in December 1995, the first of a series of monetary and financial statistics missions from the IMF’s Statistics Department began work in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH). Countrywide monetary and financial statistics were urgently sought by the BiH authorities and the IMF to support efforts to establish a new central bank and a countrywide currency, as called for in BiH’s constitution.1
5.1 Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Ukraine gained its independence in December 1991. On September 3, 1992, it became a member of the IMF. In May 1991 the National Bank of Ukraine (NBU) was established, replacing the State Bank (Gosbank) of the Soviet Union.
This Report of the Observance of Standards and Codes (ROSC) Data Module provides an assessment of Tajikistan’s macroeconomic statistics against the recommendations of the General Data Dissemination System (GDDS), complemented by an assessment of data quality based on the IMF’s Data Quality Assessment Framework. The assessment reveals that Tajikistan already meets many of the GDDS recommendations for dissemination of macroeconomic statistics. The main exceptions are the coverage of national accounts, central government operations, and central government debt. All data categories meet or exceed the recommended periodicity and timeliness.
The report on the Observance of Standards and Codes (ROSC) data module provides a review of France’s data dissemination practices against the International Monetary Fund’s (IMF) Special Data Dissemination Standard (SDDS), complemented by an in-depth assessment of the quality of six sets of macroeconomic statistics: national accounts, consumer price and producer price indices, government finance statistics, monetary statistics, and balance of payments statistics. Then, it presents recommendations to achieve improvements in the framework. Serviceability focuses on aspects of datasets, and accessibility deals with the availability of information to users.
Niger’s overall macroeconomic statistics is a picture of contrasts. Establishing the National Statistical Institute (INS) and giving it a clear and precise mandate is a step in the right direction. Accuracy and reliability suffer from the weakness of data sources, notably in national accounts and price statistics. Niger meets the General Data Dissemination System (GDDS) periodicity recommendations but falls below these recommendations for the timeliness of dissemination. The paper provides a summary of assessment by IMF staff and their recommendations.
This report on the Observance of Standards and Codes (ROSC)—data module—provides an assessment of the Slovak Republic’s macroeconomic statistics against the Special Data Dissemination Standard (SDDS), complemented by an assessment of data quality based on the IMF’s Data Quality Assessment Framework. The assessment reveals that statistical agencies in the Slovak Republic generally have a legal and institutional framework that supports statistical quality, although the formal legal mandate to disseminate statistics should be made explicit. Resources are generally adequate for existing statistical programs.
This Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes data module provides an assessment of Chad’s macroeconomic statistics against the recommendations of the General Data Dissemination System complemented by an assessment of data quality based on the IMF’s Data Quality Assessment Framework. The assessment reveals that Chad’s performance on macroeconomic statistics is weak in national accounts and government finance statistics. In addition, there is room for improvement in monetary and balance of payments statistics.