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International Monetary Fund
This Selected Issues paper analyzes sources of growth in Zambia. It assesses domestic debt dynamics and expenditure composition under two scenarios: first, the execution of the fiscal adjustment envisaged in the 2004 budget and in the medium-term framework; and second, the continuation of recent trends. The paper assesses movements in the external value of the kwacha using a number of different approaches. It also looks at developments in the real exchange rate and in differentials in rates of return on financial assets in Zambia and key financial centers.
International Monetary Fund
This Selected Issues paper describes the revenue instability and its consequences for Suriname. It explores some options for policy rules that could be considered in the case of Suriname. The paper analyzes inflation in Suriname from its historical and international perspectives, reviews the monetary policy instruments and the institutional framework, and describes the exchange rate regime and its main developments. The paper also analyzes the type of macroeconomic shocks and the domestic transmission mechanism for Suriname.
International Monetary Fund

This 2002 Article IV Consultation highlights that in 2001, the South African economy felt the impact of a slowdown in global economic activity, which interrupted the modest upturn that started late in 1998. Driven mainly by a contraction in overseas demand that lowered export prices and volumes, real GDP growth fell to 2.2 percent in 2001 from 3.4 percent in 2000. Activity reached a trough in the third quarter of the year, with GDP growth slowing to about 1 percent at an annualized rate and unemployment rising further from already high levels.