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Yasemin Bal Gunduz, Mr. Christian H Ebeke, Ms. Burcu Hacibedel, Ms. Linda Kaltani, Ms. Vera V Kehayova, Mr. Chris Lane, Mr. Christian Mumssen, Miss Nkunde Mwase, and Mr. Joseph Thornton


This paper aims to assess the economic impact of the IMF’s support through its facilities for low-income countries. It relies on two complementary econometric analyses: the first investigates the longer-term impact of IMF engagement—primarily through successive medium-term programs under the Extended Credit Facility and its predecessors (and more recently the Policy Support Instrument)—on economic growth and a range of other indicators and socioeconomic outcomes; the second focuses on the role of IMF shock-related financing—through augmentations of Extended Credit Facility arrangements and short-term and emergency financing instruments—on short-term macroeconomic performance.

International Monetary Fund

The 2006 Article IV Consultation on Rwanda highlights medium-term stimulating growth to reduce poverty. The government of Rwanda’s medium-term policies address the country’s challenges to increase growth and make headway toward the Millennium Development Goals. Executive Directors commended Rwanda’s sound macroeconomic management and progress on structural reforms and social reconstruction. Together with debt relief, this has led to macroeconomic stability, strong economic growth, and progress in advancing toward the Millennium Development Goals. Directors emphasized the need for increased training to build expertise and overcome capacity constraints in the public sector.

International Monetary Fund
This paper presents the Completion Point Document for consideration of Rwanda’s Enhanced Initiative for Heavily Indebted Poor Countries. The government has maintained the policy of protecting social sector budget allocations from cuts during the course of the fiscal year, and military spending has progressively been reduced, which has also enabled a reallocation of resources to priority areas. Moreover, since the 2002 budget cycle, expenditures have been classified in all ministries according to programs and sub-programs, expected outputs, activities, and inputs.
International Monetary Fund
This paper discusses Congo’s Fourth Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF), and Requests for Waiver of Performance Criteria. Overall performance under the program was satisfactory and at end-March 2004, 8 out of the 11 quantitative performance criteria were observed. The structural performance criterion was met. Economic growth has been higher than envisaged, and inflation has decelerated more rapidly than programmed. As expected, the end-2003, fiscal objectives were missed by less than 1 percent of GDP.
International Monetary Fund
This paper discusses key findings of the Sixth Review under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) for Rwanda. All end-2008 quantitative performance criteria were met, and performance through March 2009 was broadly satisfactory. IMF staff recommends completion of the sixth review under the PRGF arrangement based on Rwanda’s performance and understandings reached on the macroeconomic program for 2009/10. IMF staff also supports the authorities’ request for waivers of nonobservance of performance criteria on nonconcessional borrowing and nonintroduction of multiple currency practices.
International Monetary Fund. African Dept.
COVID-19 has had a severe economic impact on Rwanda through the implementation of strict domestic measures to contain the spread of the virus and the related global spillovers. The authorities have responded by rolling out health and economic measures totaling USD 311 million (3.3 percent of GDP) to mitigate the impact on businesses and households. To help address the urgent balance of payments need arising from the pandemic, the Executive Board approved on April 2 and June 11, 2020 the authorities’ consecutive requests for emergency financing under the “exogenous window” of the Rapid Credit Facility (RCF) totaling SDR 160.2 million (IMF Country Reports No. 20/115 and No 20/207). This brings the total IMF COVID-19 support to Rwanda to 100 percent of quota, or USD 220.46 million.
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Following are edited excerpts from an address by IMF Managing Director Horst Köhler to the Board of Governors of the IMF on September 29, in Washington, D.C. The full text is available on the IMF’s website (