In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discussions with government officials, is published at the option of the member country.
This paper reviews economic developments in Turkmenistan during 1994–97. To address the growing economic difficulties, the government announced an economic reform package for 1996, which aimed at achieving a recovery in output, sharply lowering inflation, maintaining a strong reserve position, and promoting private sector development. The reform package had mixed success. Monetary and credit policy was generally restrained until late 1996, contributing to a moderation in inflation. However, economy-wide public sector wages were doubled in October, against a background of continued payment difficulties in the gas sector and a decline in GDP.
This Selected Issues paper on Turkey describes the link between budget deficits and inflation. The paper outlines the key elements of the recent reforms and additional measures to reform the system. The study assesses the impact that inflation has had on the banking system, examines the sources of volatility of Turkey's external balance, and presents empirical estimates of the elasticities governing the behavior of exports and imports. The paper analyzes the costs of agricultural support policies along these methodological lines, and also provides a statistical appendix for the country.