International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
This paper highlights that important changes have been made in the World Bank’s management systems since Mr. A. W. Clausen became President in July 1981. The changes reflect Mr. Clausen’s belief that there needs to be a more collegial approach to decision making and greater delegation of authority. The aim is that the World Bank should become more efficient and its activities should be more responsive to its clients’ needs. A Managing Committee was also established to take decisions on all key issues facing the World Bank.
Benin has made significant progress in consolidating macroeconomic stability under the IMF-supported program. Its prudent fiscal policy has kept fiscal deficits at manageable levels and is projected to yield a basic primary surplus in 2012. The Executive Board of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) suggested that the authorities hold current expenditures to provide space for infrastructure spending and meet medium-term fiscal objectives. Benin’s authorities are committed to maintain sound macroeconomic policies, pursue the implementation of critical structural reforms, and take further measure to achieve program objectives.
2019 Article IV Consultation, Fourth Review under the Extended Credit Facility Arrangement, and Request for Modification of Performance Criteria-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Benin
Performance under the Extended Credit Facility (ECF) program has been mixed. The revenue slippage was addressed partially with corrective actions. IMF staff supports the authorities' request for a waiver of a missed performance criterion and recommends the completion of the first review. The collapse of a number of unauthorized microfinance institutions has not had a measurable impact on the financial sector. Ex post assessment of performance under the 2005–09 poverty reduction and growth facility program highlighted progress in macroeconomic stabilization but weaknesses in growth performance.
Despite severe economic, political, and natural setbacks in Benin in 2010, its economic growth has accelerated in 2011. The Executive Board of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) has appreciated Benin’s economic performance under the program supported by the Extended Credit Facility (ECF). Based on the satisfactory performance and strong policy commitments, the Executive Board has granted a waiver for Benin. Directors have emphasized that a prudent fiscal policy is essential to preserve macroeconomic stability.
This Selected Issues paper and Statistical Appendix analyzes sources of economic growth in Benin. It concludes that the policies implemented since the early 1990s paved the way for higher growth rate by raising total factor productivity as well as capital accumulation. The paper examines the cotton sector reform in Benin and the subsidies by major producing countries. It also analyzes recent trends in Benin’s external competitiveness, and conducts an analysis of the equilibrium exchange rate to assess whether the movements in the real effective exchange rate in Benin were consistent with the underlying macroeconomic fundamentals.