International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
In a news brief issued on June 15, IMF Managing Director Michel Camdessus announced that an IMF Executive Board meeting had been set for early July to consider Mexico’s request for a Stand-By credit from the IMF equivalent to SDR 3.1 billion (about $4.1 billion). “The credit would be in support of the government’s strong economic program for 1999–2000,” Camdessus said, “and would help ensure the maintenance of a strong policy framework during the transition to the next administration, and thereby support market confidence during this period.
This paper describes why the international community needs to act now to stand a chance of meeting the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The paper gives example of Ethiopia, one of the poorest countries in the world, with an estimated per capita income of about US$100. According to the World Bank, recent national household surveys find 44 percent of the people in Ethiopia cannot meet basic needs. The paper discusses that Ethiopia in many ways epitomizes why the MDGs are important and why more money is needed to achieve them.
Contents include: Real sector developments: output trends; sectoral developments; and income, wages, and prices. Public finances; fiscal balance; revenue developments; expenditure developments; social safety net. Financial sector developments; monetary and exchange rate developments; the use of monetary instruments; and commercial banking sector developments and bank supervision. External sector developments; current accounts: capital account and external debt; and trade payments, and exchange system. Structural issues: privatization; price liberalization; structure of government; and other structural issues. Statistical tables.
This paper reviews economic developments in Azerbaijan during the 1990s. In 1992, approximately 70–80 percent of producer and consumer prices were liberalized, and enterprises were allowed greater latitude in their price and wage setting. However, price controls were applied on energy and bread prices, price markups remained controlled, and the price liberalization process was constrained by state procurement of major production items. Although the coverage of the state order system was gradually reduced, it still accounted for most of the production of “strategic goods” at end-1994.
This Selected Issues reviews economic development in Azerbaijan during 1995–99. The Azerbaijan authorities began to implement a far-reaching economic reform program in 1995. As a result, the serious macroeconomic imbalances, which plagued the economy in the early years of the transition, were largely eliminated. Both 1997 and 1998 were characterized by financial stability and strong real growth: average consumer price inflation over this period was close to zero and real GDP growth averaged 8 percent a year.