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International Monetary Fund

Abstract

The papers published in this volume are based on an IMF seminar held in 2000 that covered a broad range of topics on monetary and financial law, such as the liberalization of capital movements, data dissemination, responsibilities of central banks, and the IMF’s goals in financial surveillance and architecture. Participants addressed recent issues in the financial sector, including those related to payment systems and supervision of financial institutions. Updates dealt with Internet banking, bank secrecy, and currency arrangements-including dollarization. Participants discussed the recent activities of the other international financial institutions, which included the European Central Bank and the International Finance Corporation. Prevention of financial crises was also discussed, with reference to the distinct roles of the IMF and the private sector.

International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

The recent financial crises have underscored the need for the European Union (EU) to take a regional approach to financial stability. Preserving financial stability in such an environment requires a supranational oversight framework. Progress has been made toward stronger pan-European approaches. Moving banks and sovereigns jointly to safety is essential. Bank recovery and resolution and harmonization are essential. The focus of this Financial Sector Stability assessment is on supranational institutions.

International Monetary Fund

An externally driven economic recovery has continued gathering strength in 2010 in Luxembourg. Executive Directors welcomed this development and the authorities’ supportive fiscal policy in 2010 as well as their role in stabilizing the financial sector. According to the Financial Sector Assessment Program (FSAP), banks remain exposed to liquidity and credit risks related to intragroup exposures and sovereign bond holdings. Directors welcomed the FSAP update and the authorities’ intention to strengthen the regulatory and supervisory frameworks. Directors suggested to revamp the deposit guarantee scheme and supported the target of a balanced budget by 2014.

International Monetary Fund
The staff report for the 2010 Article IV Consultation underlies a thorough and objective view of the macroeconomic situation in Luxembourg and the challenges the economy is facing. The country’s enviable position of public finances at the onset of the crisis provided the space to accommodate fiscal support to the economy, enhance social transfers, and protect household income. Executive Directors recommended a sharper focus on liquidity and credit risks arising from banks’ sizable and concentrated exposures to their foreign parent groups.
International Monetary Fund
This 2012 Article IV Consultation highlights that economic growth in Luxembourg slowed in 2011 amid the euro area sovereign debt crisis. Reflecting sluggish external demand, economic activity is expected to further weaken, with growth projected to decline to ½ percent in 2012. Executive Directors have welcomed the continued stability of Luxembourg’s economy despite the turbulence in the euro area. They have commended the authorities on measures taken to strengthen the financial sector and to implement recommendations from the Financial Stability Assessment Program update.
International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department
This Technical Note discusses the findings and recommendations made in the 2017 Financial Sector Assessment Program for Luxembourg in areas of regulation, supervision, and systemic risk monitoring of fund management. Certain structural elements of the Luxembourg fund management industry, particularly the extensive use of delegation and concentration of fund directorships, merit increased supervisory analysis and attention beyond the current activities. The Luxembourg framework for liquidity management tools compares favorably with its peers at both the EU and international level. Information on leverage of funds is of potential relevance from a systemic risk perspective. The Luxembourg authorities have also been actively monitoring and contributing to discussions on the EU money market funds regulation.
International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department
This paper discusses key findings of the Detailed Assessment of LCH.Clearnet SA Observance of the Committee on Payment and Settlement Systems/International Organization of Securities Commission (CPSS–IOSCO) Recommendations for Central Counterparties. The findings reveal that LCH.Clearnet SA displays a high level of observance of the CPSS/IOSCO recommendations. It has a sound, coherent, and transparent legal basis. It has developed an adequate risk-management framework to address financial and operational risks. LCH.Clearnet SA governance arrangements and composition of Boards and management are well defined and adequately staffed.
International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department
This Technical Note reviews the stability of Luxembourg’s financial system. The financial soundness indicators for Luxembourg’s financial system, which plays a key role in the intermediation of financial capital, have remained relatively robust in recent years. Household stress test results suggest that households’ solvency would be significantly affected by a drop in income and housing prices and a rise in unemployment. Bank liquidity displays broad resilience, but would be weakened should wholesale funding dry up or funding stress emerge in foreign currencies. Banks were found to be less vulnerable to direct contagion risk through bilateral exposure; however, most banks have considerable cross-border exposure.
International Monetary Fund. European Dept.
This Selected Issues paper considers features of the Luxembourg tax system that may be susceptible to changes in international tax transparency standards and surveys related policy options. Luxembourg’s predictable and generally low-rate tax system has helped establish it as a leading financial and commercial entrepôt and has supported its fiscal revenues. Its revenue base could, however, be susceptible to changes in the European Union and global tax environment. This paper highlights that to address potential challenges to Luxembourg’s revenue base, the tax policy review should explore selective rate increases and base broadening measures. Moreover, the tax practices should seek to avoid encouraging unnecessary complexity in corporate ownership structures and intragroup financial contracts.
International Monetary Fund
The Euro system maintains a high level of transparency in all aspects of operations, demonstrating a strong institutional commitment to openness and a high degree of observance of the code. Greater consistency in the disclosure practices of individual National Central Banks (NCBs) will ensure that the conduct of monetary policy, payment system oversight, and the development of financial markets proceed in a uniform basis. Executive Directors suggests that the European Central Bank (ECB) review its current practice of selective and informal public consultation on payment issues.